Important Words from Article THE HINDU– 13 October 2018

By | October 17, 2018

➡ Challenging Words from the Article 13-10-2018

1. Word: Thrive (उन्नति करना)
Pronunciation: thrahyv/थ्राइव
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning:
a. to prosper; be fortunate or successful.
b. to grow or develop vigorously; flourish:
Synonyms: prosper; flourish
Antonyms: decline, abort
Use in a Sentence: Many people thrive on a stressful lifestyle.

2. Word: Humongous (विशालकाय)
Part of Speech: Adjective
Pronunciation: /ह्यूमॉंगगस
Meaning: huge; enormous.
Synonyms: gigantic, immense
Antonyms: diminutive, small
Use in a Sentence: The product is available in a humongous range of colours.

3. Word: Endogenous (अंतर्जात)
Pronunciation: en-doj-uh-nuh s/एन्डाजनस
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning:
a. having an internal cause or origin.
b. growing or originating from within an organism.
c. (of a disease or symptom) not attributable to any external or environmental factor.
Synonyms: domestic, autogenous, remote
Antonyms: revealed, uncover
Use in a Sentence: The next step is to make technical progress endogenous to the model.

4. Word: Deliberations (विचार-विमर्श)
Pronunciation: dih-lib-uh-rey-shuhn/डिलिबरैशन
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning:
a. long and careful consideration or discussion.
b. slow and careful movement or thought.
Synonyms: thoughts, speculations
Antonyms: distractions, spontaneity
Use in a Sentence: It took the jury 24 hours of deliberations to reach their conclusion.

5. Word: Onus (दायित्व)
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: something that is one’s duty or responsibility.
Pronunciation: oh-nuh s/ओनस
Synonyms: responsibility, liability, obligation
Antonyms: help, irresponsibility, impassiveness
Use in a Sentence: The onus is on employers of the company to follow all the safety laws.

6. Word: Curtail (कम करना)
Pronunciation:ker-teyl /कर्टैल
Part of Speech:
Meaning:
a. reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.
b. deprive someone of (something).
Synonyms: shorten, reduce, diminish
Antonyms: extend, prolong, maximize
Use in a Sentence: We must try to curtail our spending.

7. Word: Exceedingly (अत्यन्त)
Pronunciation: ik-see-ding-lee/इक्सीडिंगली
Part of Speech: Adverb
Meaning:
a. extremely, to a great extent
Synonyms: exceptionally, terribly, awfully
Antonyms: meagerly, scarcely, scantily
Use in a Sentence: That man is clever, handsome and exceedingly rich.

8. Word: Tariff (सीमा-शुल्क लगाना)
Pronunciation: tar-if/टैरीफ
Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
Meaning:
a. an official list or table showing the duties or customs imposed by a government on imports or exports.
b. the schedule or system of duties so imposed.
c. any duty or rate of duty in such a list or schedule.
Synonyms: tax, valuation, levy
Antonyms: subsidy
Use in a Sentence: A general tariff was imposed on foreign imports.

9. Word: Critics (जांचनेवाला)
Pronunciation: krit-ik/क्रिटिक
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning:
a. a person who expresses an unfavourable opinion of something.
b. a person who judges the merits of literary or artistic works, especially one who does so professionally.
Synonyms: analysts, experts, observers
Antonyms: amateurs, advocates
Use in a Sentence: The person has always been an outspoken critic of the government.

10. Word: Tipping Point (तख्ता पलट)
Pronunciation: टिप्पिंग पॉइंट
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning:
a. the point at which a series of small changes or incidents becomes significant enough to cause a larger, more important change.
Synonyms: game changer, a powerful advantage
Antonyms: deal breaker, a disadvantage
Use in a Sentence: Every infected person brings us closer to the tipping point when the outbreak becomes an epidemic

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