Important Words from Article THE HINDU– 19 October 2018

By | October 22, 2018

➡ Challenging Words from the Article 16-10-2018

1. Word: Quandary (असमंजस)
Pronunciation: kwon-duh-ree/क्वान्ड्री
Part of Speech: Noun
a. a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation.
b. a difficult situation; a practical dilemma.
Synonyms: dilemma, predicament, plight
Antonyms: certainty, advantage, boon
Use in a Sentence: She’s in a bit of a quandary about which of the jobs to accept

2. Word: Loom (संकट मँडराना)
Pronunciation: loom/लूम
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
Synonyms: menace, emerge, stand out
Antonyms: disappear, diminish, remove
Use in a Sentence: We should flag those problems that could loom ahead.

3. Word: Dichotomy (द्विभाजन)
Pronunciation: dahy-kot-uh-mee/डाइकाटमी
Part of Speech: Noun
a. a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.
b. repeated branching into two equal parts.
Synonyms: split, bisection, separation
Antonyms: similarity, likeness
Use in a Sentence: There is a dichotomy between the academic world and the industrial world.

4. Word: Escalation (तेजी)
Pronunciation: es-kuh-le-sion/एस्कलैशन
Part of Speech: Noun
a. a rapid increase; a rise.
b. an increase in the intensity or seriousness of something; an intensification.
Synonyms: increase, elevation
Antonyms: reduction, decrease
Use in Sentence: A further escalation of the change now seems determined.

5. Word: Stave off (निवारण करना)
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: to avert or hold off (something undesirable or harmful), esp temporarily
Synonyms: obviate, avoid
Antonyms: foster, take a look
Use in a Sentence: We were hoping to stave off these difficult decisions until January.

6. Word: Curtail (कम करना)
Pronunciation:ker-teyl /कर्टैल
Part of Speech:
a. reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.
b. deprive someone of (something).
Synonyms: shorten, reduce, diminish
Antonyms: extend, prolong, maximize
Use in a Sentence: We must try to curtail our spending.

7. Word: Bracing (स्फ़ूर्तिकारक)
Part of Speech: Adjective
Pronunciation: brey-sing/ब्रैसिंग
Meaning: fresh and invigorating.
Synonyms: energizing, fortifying
Antonyms: drowsy, weakening
Use in a Sentence: We enjoyed a bracing walk on the beach.

8. Word: Relentless (दयाहीन)
Pronunciation: ri-lent-lis/रिलेन्ट्लिस
Part of Speech: Adjective
a. unceasingly intense.
b. harsh or inflexible.
Synonyms:  persistent, severe
Antonyms: inexorable, inflexible
Use in a Sentence: She could not bear the relentless music and turned down the volume.

9. Word: Prop up (संभालना)
Part of Speech: phrasal verb
a. to stop something from falling by putting something under it or against it
b. to help a government, system, organization etc to continue to exist, especially by providing financial or military support
Synonyms: support, bolster
Antonyms: intimidate, repress
Use in a Sentence: The government introduced measures to prop up the stock market.

10.Word: Benign (दयालु)
Pronunciation: bih-nahyn/बिनाइन
Part of Speech: Adjective
a. gentle and kind.
b. (of a disease) not harmful in effect.
Synonyms: benevolent, sympathetic
Antonyms: hostile, malignant
Use in a Sentence: The results of this medicine are fairly benign.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *