Important Words from Article THE HINDU– 31 October 2018

By | October 31, 2018

➡ Challenging Words from the Article 31-10-2018

1. Word: Buoyant (प्रसन्नचित्त, बहता हुआ)
Pronunciation: boi-uhnt/बॉइअन्ट
Part of Speech: Adjective
a. able or tending to keep afloat or rise to the top of a liquid or gas.
b. cheerful and optimistic.
Synonyms: happy, light-hearted, floatable, lively
Antonyms: sad, heavy, downcast
Use in Sentence: The team was in a buoyant mood after winning our match.

2. Word: Decimate (समाप्त करना)
Pronunciation: des-uh-meyt/डेसमेट
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: kill, destroy, or remove a large proportion of.
Synonyms: abolish, devastate, eradicate
Antonyms: accept, enact, introduce
Use in a Sentence: The population was decimated by the harmful disease.

3. Word: Proactive (अग्रसक्रिय)
Part of Speech: Adjective
a. (of a person or action) creating or controlling a situation rather than just responding to it after it has happened.
Pronunciation: proh-ak-tiv/प्रोऐक्टिव
Synonyms: vigorous, energetic
Antonyms: passive, sluggish
Use in a Sentence: We need to be proactive and confront challenges in our career.

4. Word: Scuttle (बिगाड़ना/तीव्र गति)
Pronunciation: skuht-l/स्कटल
Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
a. run hurriedly or furtively with short quick steps. [Verb]
b. deliberately cause (a scheme) to fail. [Verb]
c. a metal container with a handle, used to fetch and store coal for a domestic fire. [Noun]
Synonyms: hasten, wreck
Antonyms: decelerate, resume
Use in a Sentence: The incident threatens to scuttle the peace process.

5. Word: Offset (कमी पूरी होना या करना)
Pronunciation: awf-set/ऑफ्सेट
Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
a. a consideration or amount that diminishes or balances the effect of an opposite one. [Noun]
b. the amount or distance by which something is out of line. [Noun]
c. counteract (something) by having an equal and opposite force or effect. [Verb]
Synonyms: counterbalance, compensate, neutralize
Antonyms: ending, extension
Use in a Sentence: The increase in pay costs was more than offset by higher productivity.

6. Word: Splurge (आडम्बर)
Pronunciation: splurj/स्प्लर्ज
Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
a. an act of spending money freely or extravagantly. [Noun]
b. spend (money) freely or extravagantly. [Verb]
Synonyms: spend, dissipate
Antonyms: amass, economize
Use in a Sentence: They decided to splurge on a trip in Switzerland next year.

7. Word: Chase Down (पीछे लगना)
Pronunciation: cheys doun/चैस डाउन
Part of Speech: Idiom
a. To search for and find someone or something.
b. To track down and seize someone or something.
Synonyms: drive out, hunt down
Antonyms: abandon, avoid
Use in Sentence: Investigators are now trying to chase down all possible clues.

8. Word: Leeway (गुंजाइश)
Pronunciation: lee-wey/ लीवै
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
Synonyms: space, range, extent
Antonyms: adjust, embargo, hallway
Use in a Sentence: I have got a lot of leeways to make up things.

9. Word: Sorely (कष्टपूर्वक)
Pronunciation: sawr-lee/सोर्ली
Part of Speech: Adverb
Meaning: to a very high degree or level of intensity.
Synonyms: bitterly, painfully
Antonyms: calmly, happily
Use in a Sentence: The demands of the job have tried him sorely.

10. Word: Burgeon (बढ़ना)
Pronunciation: bur-juh n]/बर्जन
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.
Synonyms: develop, expand
Antonyms: diminish, dwindle
Use in a Sentence: Seeds begin to burgeon at the initiation of spring.

11. Word: Pin (one’s) hopes on (someone or something) (उम्मीद)
Part of Speech: Idiom
a. To have expectations that are tied to the success, performance, etc., of a particular person or thing.
Synonyms: hope, trust
Antonyms: lose heart
Use in Sentence: The man had pinned his hopes on this year’s promotion.

12. Word: Shore up (मजबूत करना)
Pronunciation: shohr uhp
Part of Speech: Idiom
a. To give someone or something robust support in the face of difficulty or to prevent potential failure
Synonyms: support, brace, reinforce
Antonyms: abstain, cancel, cease
Use in Sentence: They had to shore up the damaged wall.

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