Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (27 December)

By | December 27, 2017

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (27-12-2017)

1)Rescind (Verb)  (रद्द कर देना): ri-sind
Meaning – to take back; cancel
Synonyms – spirited, spunky, plucky
Antonyms –  allow, mandate, establish
Example – Once their union demands were met, the workers agreed to rescind the strike.

2)Feisty (Adjective)  (अधिक शक्तिशाली): feis-ti
Meaning -(of a person, typically one who is relatively small) lively, determined, and courageous.
Synonyms – revoke, repeal, cancel/reverse.
Antonyms –  cowardly, fearful , dull
Example – The shy sister always depended on her feisty siblings to stand up for her during difficult times

2)Pelf (Noun) (एक बेईमान तरीके से प्राप्त धन ) – pelf
Meaning – (money (gained in a dishonest way).
Synonyms -lucre, wealth
Antonyms – debt, hardship, indigence
Example -The gang member was angry when he found out his partner in crime spent all of the pelfthey had stolen from the bank.

3)Preside (Verb) (सभापति होना) – pri-zahyd
Meaning – be in the position of authority in a meeting or other gathering ,to be in charge of something as the leader
Synonyms –  be in charge of, head, manage/administer.
Antonyms –  follow, serve, obey
Example -Judge Jagdip Singh will preside over the case and make a final ruling on the matter.

4)Wield (Verb)  (कुशलता के साथ फिराना ) – weeld
Meaning – To control an item with competence, in particular a tool or weapon
Synonyms- exercise, exert, manage/control.
Antonyms – mismanage, suppress, neglect, enclose
Example – He wields a great deal of influence over his students.

5)Faction (Noun)   (गुट) – fak-shun
Meaning –  a group within a larger group that has different ideas and opinions than the rest of the group
Synonyms- a small group, section, division (of dissenter within a large group).
Antonyms –  entirety, total, unity
Example – Although I disagree with my political leaders, I am not in such disagreement that I want to break off and start my own faction to oppose their policies.

6)Shepherd (Verb) (निर्देशित करना ) –   shep-erd
Meaning –  to guide someone the right way (over a flock of sheep)
Synonyms –  guide, conduct, lead.
Antonyms –  mislead, misguide, follow
Example -The passenger was shepherd across the tarmac to the airliner.

7)Foothold (Noun)  (निरंतर, दीर्घकालिक) – foot-hohld
Meaning –  a secure position from which further progress may be made.
Synonyms – hold, grip, anchorage, purchase.
Antonyms –  discharge, ineffective, impotent
Example –  Flipcart has now a very strongfoothold in India.

8)Lulled (Verb) (सो जाना ) – lulled
Meaning – calm or send to sleep, typically with soothing sounds or movements
Synonyms – calm, compose, assuaged
Antonyms –  agitated, awakened, aroused
Example -A sound in his ears as of a banner unfolding in the joyful distance lulled him.

9)Prophetic (Adjective) (भविष्यवाणी) – pruh-fet-ik
Meaning -accurately predicting what will happen in the future
Synonyms -mantic, occult
Antonyms –  unpredictive, unprophetic
Example -If I had prophetic abilities, I would be picking up my lottery winnings right now.

10)Discordant (Adjective) (बेताल ,विरुद्ध) – dis-kawr-dnt
Meaning – harsh or unpleasant in sound, disagreeing or incongruous.
Synonyms- clashing, strident, unpleasant
Antonyms – similar, agreeable
Example – The discordant sound of the teacher’s high-pitched voice silenced the class.

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