English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms (26 December 17)

By | December 28, 2017

Important daily 10 Challenging English Words in the Article of the Day with Hindi Meaning, Synonyms, Antonyms and Examples (26-12-2017):

1. Memoir (noun): (A historical account or biography written from personal knowledge.) (वृतांत/ संस्मरण)
Synonyms: Historical Account, Biography, Chronicle, Life Story.
Example: Since the eight-year-old boy knew he was dying because of cancer, he decided to write a memoir so his parents would always have him near.
Origin: From French mémoire ‘memory’.

2. Commiserate (verb): (Feel or express pity or sympathy for (someone).) (समवेदना प्रकट करना/सहानुभूति प्रकट करना)
Synonyms: Console, Solace, Offer Sympathy To, Condole With, Empathize With, Feel Pity For.
Antonyms: Be Indifferent, Turn Away.
Example: Until you have walked in someone’s shoes, you cannot commiserate with him.
Verb forms: Commiserate, Commiserate, Commiserate.
Related words:
Commiseration (noun) – Sympathy and sorrow for the misfortunes of others
Origin: From Latin commiserari, from com- ‘with’ + miserari ‘to lament’ (from miser ‘wretched’).

3. Upfront (adjective): (Bold, honest, and frank/ truthful and straightforward) (सुस्पष्ट/स्पष्टवादी)
Synonyms: Frank, Candid, Forthright, Plain-Spoken, Bluff.
Antonyms: Evasive, Prevaricating, Elusive, Ambiguous, Equivocal.
Example: Because the politician made a speech in upfront manner, he earned the respect of the voters.

4. Exigency (noun): (An urgent need or demand/ something that is necessary in a particular situation) (अत्यावश्यकता/जरूरत)
Synonyms: Need, Contingency, Requirement, Urgency, Essential, Requisite
Antonyms: Availability, Abundance.
Example: Keeping money in a savings account is a financial exigency that will serve you well if you ever lose your job.
Related words:
Exigent (adjective) – अत्यावश्यक

5. Expunge (verb): Obliterate or remove completely (something unwanted or unpleasant).(मिटाना)
Synonyms: Erase, Remove, Delete, Rub Out, Wipe Out, Efface, Eradicate.
Antonyms: Construct, Establish, Create.
Example: A beautiful day at the beach was more than enough to expunge Jane’s recall of a difficult week at the office.
Verb forms: Expunge, Expunged, Expunged.
Related words:
Expunction (noun) – Deletion by an act of expunging or erasing

6. Spectre (noun): (Something widely feared as a possible unpleasant or dangerous occurrence) (आशंका/खतरा)
Synonyms: Threat, Menace, Danger, Peril, danger.
Antonyms: Safety, Surety, security.
Example: The conflict between manager and employees is always a spectre for the company.
Origin: from French spectre

7. Incorrigible (adjective): ((Of a person or their behaviour) not able to be changed or reformed.) (असुधार्य)
Synonyms: Incurable, Irrecoverable, Irredeemable, Irreformable
Antonyms: Recoverable, Redeemable, Reformable, Remediable
Example: Even after spending years in jail, some people remain incorrigible and unafraid of the law.
Related words:
Corrigible (adjective) – सुधार्य
Origin: From Latin incorrigibilis, from in- ‘not’ + corrigere ‘to correct’.

8. Loom (verb): ((Of an event regarded as threatening) seem about to happen.) (सम्भावना होना/संकट मँडराना)
Synonyms: Be imminent, Be on the horizon, Impend, Be ominously close, Threaten, be threatening.
Antonyms: Be remote, Be distant.
Example: When the storm began to loom over the horizon, they decided to go back to the safe place. .
Verb forms: Loom, Loomed, Loomed.

9. Candour (noun): (The quality of being open and honest;) (स्पष्टवादिता/सरलता)
Synonyms: Frankness, Honesty, Candidness, Truthfulness, Sincerity, Forthrightness.
Antonyms: Deceit, Dishonesty, Unfairness, Artifice, Deception
Example: Because the author writes with such candour about his experiences, his readers will feel as if they are actually a part of his life.
Origin: from Latin candor ‘whiteness’

10. Perturb (verb): (Make (someone) anxious or unsettled.) (बेचैन करना/घबरा देना/व्याकुल करना)
Synonyms: Worry, Upset, Unsettle, Disturb, Disquiet, Discompose, Disconcert, Discomfit, Unnerve.
Antonyms: Calm, Soothe, Please, Mollify.
Example: Knowing there is a criminal living in her neighborhood makes her very perturbed.
Verb forms: Perturb, Perturbed, Perturbed.
Related words:
Perturbate (adjective) – व्याकुल/उद्विग्न
Perturbation (noun) – घबराहट/बेचैनी
Origin: from Latin perturbare, from per- ‘completely’ + turbare‘disturb’.

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