English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms (28 December 17)

By | December 28, 2017

Important daily 10 Challenging English Words in the Article of the Day with Hindi Meaning, Synonyms, Antonyms and Examples (28-12-2017):

1. Forbidding (adjective): (Unfriendly or threatening in appearance.) (अनिष्ट/डरावना)
Synonyms: Hostile, Unwelcoming, Unfriendly, Threatening, Ominous, Menacing.
Antonyms: Nice, Gentle, Kind, Friendly, Un-Daunting.
Example: The dark and forbidding sky during the day was the indication for students at picnic that storm was brewing.
Verb forms: Forbid, Forbade, Forbidden.
Related words:
Forbid (verb) – Refuse to allow (something).

2. Savvy (verb): (Know or understand.) (जानना/समझना)
Synonyms: Understand, Comprehend, Grasp, Apprehend, Twig, Suss.
Antonyms: Ignore, Neglect.
Example: If your marketing expert is not savvy enough to take advantage of social media advertising, then you need to hire another marketer.
Related words: Savvy (adjective) – Shrewd and knowledgeable; having common sense and good judgement.
Origin: From Spanish sabe usted ‘you know’.

3. Grist to/for the mill (idiom): (Useful experience, material, or knowledge.) (फ़ायदेमंद)
Synonyms: Advantageous, Profitable, Expedient, Beneficial.
Antonyms: Disadvantageous, Harmful, Unprofitable.
Example: Bob writes the novels on his own experience, so everything that happens to him is grist to/for the mill.

4. Byword (noun): (A person or thing cited as a notable and outstanding example or embodiment of something.) (पर्याय)
Synonyms: Perfect example of, Classic case of, Model of, Exemplar of, Embodiment of, Incarnation of, Personification of, Epitome of.
Example: The high school athlete who won the good citizen award became the byword of what a great student should be.

5. Carnage (noun): The killing of a large number of people/ that which is left after an extremely violent event. (नाश)
Synonyms: Massacre, Mass Murder, Decimation, Holocaust.
Antonyms: Peace, Calmness, Harmony.
Example: Nuclear attack in 1945 over Japan was a carnage.
Origin: From Latin carn- ‘flesh’.

6. Per se (adverb): By or in itself or themselves; intrinsically. (असल में/स्वतः)
Synonyms: By Its Very Nature, In Essence, By Definition, Essentially, Really, Indeed
Antonyms: Vaguely, Ambiguously, Falsely
Example: Even though their son is not the only student struggling in math class per se, the other students did not matter to his parents.

7. Panoply (noun): A splendid display/ an impressive collection or exhibition (दृश्य/प्रदर्शन)
Synonyms: Spectacle, Show, Display, Exhibition.
Antonyms: Concealment, Cover, Hiding.
Example: The designer’s exciting panoply of dresses won over the fashion critics.

8. Trappings (noun): (The outward signs, features, or objects associated with a particular situation, role, or job.) (सहायक-वस्तुएँ/संगत चीज़ें)
Synonyms: Accessories, Trimmings, Frills, Accompaniments, Accoutrement.
Example: A horror movie generally has all usual trappings including screaming and blood.

9. Frenetic (adjective): (Fast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way) (अतिउत्तेजित)
Synonyms: Frantic, Wild, Frenzied, Energetic, Intense
Antonyms: Calm, Peaceful, Balanced, Composed.
Example: After the concert, the frenetic crowd surged through the exit doors and began to dance in the street.
Related words: Frenetically (adverb) – अत्यधिक उत्तेजित हो कर
Origin: From French frenetique

10. Skirmish (noun): (An episode of irregular or unpremeditated fighting) (भिड़न्त/लड़ाई)
Synonyms: Fight, Battle, Clash, Conflict, Confrontation.
Antonyms: Accord, Agreement, Calm, Concord, Harmony
Example: Right before the game’s results were announced, the fans got into a skirmish over whose team was the greatest.
Verb forms: Skirmish, Skirmished, Skirmished
Related words:
Skirmish (verb) – Engage in a skirmish.

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