➡ Biotech-KISAN and Cattle Genomics to empower Farmers
▪️The Union Ministry of Science and Technology has launched two new schemes Biotech-KISAN and Cattle Genomics in order to apply science to boost rural economy.
▪️The intent of these programmes is to form a network to farmers directly with the scientists and experts. Thus they seek to empower farmers, especially women farmers.
➡ Biotech-KISAN (Krishi Innovation Science Application Network) Scheme
▪️ Its purpose is to connect farmers, scientist and science institution across country.
▪️ Under it, fellowship will be given to women farmers for training and education in farm practice.
▪️ Under it scientists will spend time on farms and link communication tools to soil, water seed and market.
▪️ The main aim of the scheme is to understand individual problems of the small holding farmers and provide ready solutions.
▪️ It will be implemented in 15 agro-climatic zones of India in phased manner with objective of linking new technology to farm by understanding problem of local farmer.
➡ Cattle Genomics Scheme
▪️ The scheme aims at boosting selective breeding of the native livestock more accurately to ensure high-yielding, disease-resistant, resilient livestock.
▪️ Under it, government will undertake an ambitious project of genome sequencing of 40 registered indigenous cattle breeds of India.
▪️ Besides, a high-density DNA chips will be developed under this scheme to reduce the cost and time interval of breeding of the native livestock.
▪️ Genome selection will use information on variations in DNA sequences between animals to predict the breeding value more accurately. Thus, help to transform livestock breeding.
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