Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (11 January)

By | March 15, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (11-01-2018)

1)Clamour (noun) ( कोलाहल):  cla-mar
Meaning –  a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting.
Synonyms –  uproar, tumult, protest, complaints, outcry
Antonyms – silence, calmness, peace
Example –  People began to clamour for the resignation of the corrupt chief minister.

2)Disseminate (verb) (प्रसारित करना) :  dis-eminate
Meaning –  spread (something, especially information) widely.
Synonyms – spread, scatter ,circulate, publicize.
Antonyms – conceal, hide, gather, collect
Example – Cover your mouth while sneezing so that you do not disseminate bacteria.

3)Coterie (noun) (मंडली ): coat-rie
Meaning -a small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially one that is exclusive of other people.
Synonyms-: clique, set, gang, band, pack, crew
Example – The president’s coterie of advisers was unable to offer him a solution to the national problem.

4)Farce (noun)  (स्वांग):     far-s
Meaning –  a ridiculous situation or event, a form of comedy, with little or no purpose other than to prompt laughter from the audience.
Synonyms-: mockery, slapstick, burlesque, vaudeville, travesty
Antonyms – seriousness,solemnity, ,sobriety,tragedy
Example – The actor refused to star in such afarce, insisting his talents were above such humor.

5)Profound (adjective) – (गहन) –  pro-faund
Meaning –  extremely deep
Synonyms –  intense, very great, extreme.
Antonyms – trivial, unimportant
Example – The motivational speaker’s profoundwords made me think about my future.

6) Embattled (adjective)  (संकटग्रस्त,परेशानियों से घिरा) – em-battle-ed
Meaning – (of a person) troubled by problems or difficulties.
Synonyms –  pressed, oppressed, depressed, deadlocked
Antonyms – happy, delighted
Example -After losing eight matches continuously, the team’s captain seems to beembattled.

7) Absurd (noun) (बेतुका) – ab-surd
Meaning – wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate.
Synonyms-:  preposterous, ridiculous, ludicrous, farcical, laughable
Antonyms  – logical, practical, rational
Example – Instead of completing his assignment, the lazy student come up with the absurd excuse that his dog ate his homework.

8)Wanting (adjective)  (कमी ) – want-ing
Meaning – lacking in a required or necessary quality.
Synonyms- deficient, inadequate, lacking, insufficient
Antonyms – adequate, enough, present
Example – During the presentation in Seminar, the students weren’t wanting in confidence.

9)Temperament (noun) (स्वभाव)  – compre-hen-sive
Meaning-   the nature or personality of an animal or individual
Synonyms –  disposition, nature, character, personality
Antonyms –  indisposition ,inability
Example – While the twins are identical physically, they differ in temperament with one being extrovert and the other shy.

10)Impending (adjective)  –  (आसन्न , निकट) – impend-ing
Meaning-   going to occur, be about to happen.
Synonyms –  imminent, at hand, close, near, upcoming.
Antonyms – gone, past, distant, later
Example – Because Abhinav suffers from anxiety, he frequently has fears of impending disaster.

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