Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (17 January)

By | January 30, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (17-01-2018)

1)Muddy(verb)  ( अस्पष्ट, भ्रमित): muhd-ee
Meaning – make (something) hard or harder to understand.
Synonyms -:  obscure, confuse, obfuscate, blur, cloud, befog
Antonyms – bright , clear , clarify , reveal , illuminate
Example –  As they have muddied the issue with religion, it has created a riot-like situation in society.

2)Surge (verb)  ( उछाल): surj
Meaning – move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward/sudden large increase in something that has previously been steady, or has only increased or developed slowly.
Synonyms -:   rise, growth, upswing, upsurge, escalation, jump
Antonyms – decline , decrease
Example – Specialists see various reasons for the recent surge in inflation.

3)Deleveraging(verb)  ( परिसंपत्तियों को तेजी से बेचकर ऋण के स्तर को कम करने की प्रक्रिया ): dele-ver-aging
Meaning – the process or practice of reducing the level of one’s debt by rapidly selling one’s assets.
Synonyms – reducing , Managing
Example – Company management realized the amount of debt they were carrying had become treacherous and immediately begandeleveraging  to reduce the risk.

4)Consolidation(verb)  ( समेकन): kun-sol-i-dey-shun
Meaning – the action or process of combining a number of things into a single more effective or coherent whole.
Synonyms -:  agglomeration, amalgamation, blend, coalescence
Antonyms – split, dissolution, disunion, division
Example – The bank official asked us toconsolidate our bills and important documents in one place.

5)Promising(verb)  ( होनहार, आशाजनक):  prom-uh-sing
Meaning – showing signs of future success.
Synonyms -:   good, encouraging, favourable, hopeful
Antonyms – unfavourable, inauspicious, ominous
Example – Virat Kohli gave the signs of apromising cricketer in very early age.

6)Transitional (verb)  ( अवस्थापरिवर्तनकालिक):  tran-si-tion-al
Meaning – belonging or relating to a change, or the process of change, from one form or type to another form or type
Synonyms -:  intermediate, middle, midway
Antonyms – permanent , changeless, initial, final
Example – We are still in the transitional stage between the old and new methods.

7)Strain (verb)  ( तनाव): streyn
Meaning – a severe or excessive demand on the strength, resources, or abilities of someone or something.
Synonyms -: pressure, demands, burdens, exertions
Antonyms – relax , rest , comfort,decompression
Example – The accusations put a strainon relations between the two countries.

8)Wayside (verb)  ( सड़क के किनारे , उपेक्षित): wey-sahyd
Meaning -The side or edge of a road, way, path, or highway / out of consideration, into a condition of neglect or disuse
Synonyms -: neglectable, disuse, abandonment
Example – Luxury items fall by the wayside during a recession.

9)Optimism(verb)  ( आशावाद): op-tuh-miz-um
Meaning – hopefulness and confidence about the future or the success of something.
Synonyms -:   hope, confidence, buoyancy, cheer
Antonyms – pessimism , gloom , despair
Example – You must maintain a sense of optimism, despite all the mishappenings that happened.

10)Sluggish (verb)  ( सुस्त,निष्क्रिय):  sluhg-ish
Meaning – slow-moving or inactive.
Synonyms -:  quiet, slow, slack, flat, depressed, stagnant
Antonyms – active, fast, lively,energetic
Example –  After a sluggish start, team India picked up very well in the middle of the match and won it.

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