English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms (01 January 18)

By | January 2, 2018

Important daily 10 Challenging English Words in the Article of the Day with Hindi Meaning, Synonyms, Antonyms and Examples (01-01-2018):

1. Inculcate (verb): (Instill (an idea, attitude, or habit) by persistent instruction.) (मन में बैठाना/अंतर्निविष्ट करना)
Synonyms: Instill, Implant, In-Fix, Ingrain, Infuse, Imprint.
Antonyms: Neglect, Ignore.
Example: In order to inculcate a love of reading, the teacher encourages her students to read different types of literature.
Verb forms: Inculcate, Inculcated, Inculcated.
Origin: From Latin inculcare, from in- ‘into’ + calcare ‘to tread’.

2. Satirize (verb): (Deride and criticize by means of satire.) (व्यंग्य कसना/आक्षेप करना)
Synonyms: Mock, Ridicule, Poke Fun At, Parody, Spoof, Burlesque.
Antonyms: Praise, Commend.
Example: Many comedians often make use of satire to create jokes at their own expense.
Verb forms: Satirize, Satirized, Satirized.
Related words:
Satire (noun) – A literary work or device that makes fun of its subject

3. Grotesque (adjective): (Comically or repulsively ugly or distorted.) (विकृत/असंगत)
Synonyms: Distorted, Disgusting, Malformed, Deformed, Misshapen, Mis-Proportioned.
Antonyms: Shapely, Regular, Usual
Example: When the psychologist heard some of the grotesque details of the murder, he realized that it had to have been the work of a psychopath.
Related words:
Grotesquerie (noun) – भ्रष्टता
Grotesquely (adverb) – विकृत रूप से

4. Besmirch (verb): (Damage (Someone’s reputation).) (हीन बनाना/अवमूल्यन करना.पदवी घटाना)
Synonyms: Tarnish, Debase, Stain, Sully, Damage, Disrepute.
Antonyms: Repute, Praise, Exalt, Honor.
Example: Acquittal of criminals can besmirch an judicial authority.
Verb forms: Besmirch, Besmirched, Besmirched.

5. Agglomeration (noun): (A mass or collection of things; an assemblage.) (समूह)
Synonyms: Collection, Cluster, Mass, Assemblage, Set.
Antonyms: Individual, Singularity.
Example: Morning Prayer in the temple was accompanied by an agglomeration of devotees.
Verb forms: Agglomerate, Agglomerated, Agglomerated.
Related words:
Agglomerate (verb) – To collect or gather

6. Repudiate (verb): (Refuse to accept.) (मना करना/ अस्वीकार करना)
Synonyms: Reject, Renunciate, Disavow, Refuse, Deny.
Antonyms: Confirm, Acknowledge, Ratify, Accept.
Example: New Year’s resolutions typically include the repudiation of alcohol and other indulgences and the promise to resume working out at the gym.
Verb forms: Repudiate, Repudiated, Repudiated.
Related words:
Repudiation (noun) Rejection of a proposal or idea.

7. Rope in (phrasal verb): (To persuade, entice, or enlist someone to do or participate in something.) (मनाना)
Synonyms: Entice, Wheedle, Coax, Persuade.
Antonyms: Disenchant, Dissuade, Make Turn Away.
Example: The salesman tried to rope us in to buy some of his products.
Verb forms: Rope in, Roped in, Roped in.

8. Pass muster (idiom): (Be accepted as adequate or satisfactory.). (पर्याप्त या संतोषजनक के रूप में स्वीकार किया जाना)
Synonyms: Be good enough, Come up to standard, Come up to scratch, Measure up, Be acceptable/adequate, Be sufficient, Qualify.
Antonyms: Fail, Be disqualified.
Example: The food would just about have passed muster at a provincial wedding reception.

9. Subversive (adjective): (Seeking or intended to subvert an established system or institution.) (उलट देने वाला)
Synonyms: Insurrectionary, Insurrectionist, Overthrowing, Rebellious.
Antonyms: Loyal, Obedient.
Example: Every day, subversive groups are recruiting young people to join their rebellious organizations.
Verb forms: Subvert, Subverted, Subverted.
Related words:
Subvert (verb) – Undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution).

10. Ambivalence (noun): (The state of having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone.) (उभयभाविता/द्वैधवृत्ति)
Synonyms: Equivocation, Uncertainty, Unsureness, Indecision, Inconclusiveness, Irresolution,
Antonyms: Certainty, Sureness, Decisiveness.
Example: Although Janice loved Henry, her ambivalence towards marriage made her turn down his proposal.

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