English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms (29 December 17)

By | January 2, 2018

Important daily 10 Challenging English Words in the Article of the Day with Hindi Meaning, Synonyms, Antonyms and Examples (29-12-2017):

1. Honcho (noun): (The person in charge.) (सरदार/प्रमुख/मुखिया)
Synonyms: Head, Chief, Boss, Leader, Manager.
Antonyms: Auxiliary, Inferior, Minor, Secondary, Subordinate.
Example: The office was all abuzz because the honcho from corporate headquarters were coming for a visit.
Verb forms: Honcho, Honchoed, Honchoed.
Related words:
Honcho (verb) – Be in charge of (a project or situation).
Origin: from Japanese hanchō ‘group leader’,

2. Orchestrate (verb): (Plan or coordinate the elements of (a situation) to produce a desired effect) (आयोजित करना)
Synonyms: Organize, Arrange, Compose, Coordinate, Set Up, Bring About, Manage
Antonyms: Disperse, Disorganize
Example: To take responsibility away from the bride and groom, an event planner was hired to orchestrate the wedding.
Verb forms: Orchestrate, Orchestrated, Orchestrated
Related words:
Orchestration (noun) – The planning or coordination of the elements of a situation to produce a desired effect.

3. Maelstrom (noun): (A situation or state of confused movement or violent turmoil.) (हलचल/उथल-पुथल)
Synonyms: Turbulence, Tumult, Turmoil, Uproar, Commotion, Jumble, Chaos
Antonyms: Calm, Harmony, Order, Peace
Example: Following the divorce, Judy was beset by such a maelstrom of emotions that she decided to talk to a counselor.
Origin: from Modern Dutch maalen ‘grind, whirl’ + stroom ‘stream’.

4. In-the-saddle (idiom): (In a dominant or influential position.) (पदासीन/अधिकार प्राप्त)
Synonyms: Authoritarian, Commanding, Controlling, Dominant, Influential.
Antonyms: Insignificant, Ineffectual, Un-Influential.
Example: With the new CEO in the saddle, the company has turned in its mostprofitable quarter in years.

5. Vendetta (noun): (A prolonged bitter quarrel with or campaign against someone.) (प्रतिशोध/बदला)
Synonyms: Feud, Wrangle, Altercation, Dispute, Fight, Bad blood, Enmity, Rivalry.
Antonyms: Agreement, Forgiveness, Calm, Harmony, Peace.
Example: When the rapper made fun of his rival in a song, he let everyone know the vendetta had not been resolved.
Origin: From Latin vindicta ‘vengeance’.

6. Warp (verb): (Make or become bent or twisted/distort something) (ख़राब करना/तोड़ना-मरोड़ना)
Synonyms: Corrupt, Twist, Pervert, Distort, Deform, Misshape, Make Malformed.
Antonyms: Beautify, Clean, Improve.
Example: If the chair gets wet, the wood will warp and make the furniture uncomfortable for sitting.
Verb forms: Warp, Warped, Warped.

7. Niggle (verb): (Cause slight but persistent annoyance, discomfort, or anxiety.) (परेशान करना)
Synonyms: Irritate, Annoy, Worry, Trouble, Bother, Provoke, Exasperate, Irk.
Antonyms: Soothe, Mollify.
Example: Something that is small and agitating will niggle you, but unless it really hurts you probably will be able to more or less ignore it.
Verb forms: Niggle, Niggled, Niggled.

8. Preen (verb): ((of a person) Devote effort to making oneself look attractive and then admire one’s appearance.) (ख़ुदपसंद होना/ स्वयं की सराहना करना)
Synonyms: Admire oneself, Primp oneself, Primp, Prink oneself, Prettify oneself, Smarten oneself, Beautify oneself.
Antonyms: Dirt, Pollute (oneself)
Example: Generally girls are more concerned about their looks, so they are known to preen themselves.
Verb forms: Preen, Preened, Preened.

9. Scruple (noun): (A feeling of doubt or hesitation with regard to the morality or propriety of a course of action.) (संकोच/हिचक)
Synonyms: Qualms, Twinge of conscience, Compunction, Second thoughts, Misgivings.
Antonyms: Ease, Peace, Tranquility.
Example: Because Sylvester is a mercenary, he has no scruples for any wrongdoing that will make money for him.
Verb forms: Scruple, Scrupled, Scrupled.
Related words:
Scruple (noun) – Hesitate or be reluctant to do something that one thinks may be wrong.

10. Rapturous (adjective): (Characterized by, feeling, or expressing great pleasure or enthusiasm/Full of, feeling, or manifesting ecstatic joy or delight) (हर्षोन्मत्त)
Synonyms: Ecstatic, Joyful, Joyous, Elated, Euphoric, On Cloud Nine.
Antonyms: Grieving, Sorrowful, Unhappy.
Example: Rick’s eyes were filled with rapture when he held his son for the first time.
Related words:
Rapture (noun) – A feeling of intense pleasure or joy.

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