English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms (30 December 17)

By | January 2, 2018

Important daily 10 Challenging English Words in the Article of the Day with Hindi Meaning, Synonyms, Antonyms and Examples (30-12-2017):

1. Pit (verb): (Set someone or something in conflict or competition with.) (के विरुद्ध/मुक़ाबले में रखना)
Synonyms: Set against, Put in opposition to, Put in competition with, Compete with/against, Vie with.
Example: In the championship game, the two teams were pitted against each other for the national title.
Verb forms: Pit, Pitted, Pitted.

2. Resplendent (adjective): (Attractive and impressive through being richly colourful or sumptuous.) (भव्य)
Synonyms: Splendid, Magnificent, Grandiose, Dazzling, Glorious, Superb, Majestic.
Antonyms: Dull, Poor, Ugly, Withering.
Example: The sun coming out after the first snowfall of the season made the little village resplendent and almost magical.
Related words:
Resplendently (adverb) – In an impressively beautiful manner
Origin: From Latin resplendere, from re-(expressing intensive force) + splendere ‘to glitter’.

3. Chary (adjective): (Cautiously or suspiciously reluctant to do something/ apprehensive about doing something) (सावधान/ख़बरदार)
Synonyms: Wary, Cautious, Circumspect, Heedful, Careful, Watchful.
Antonyms: Careless, Heedless, Incautious.
Example: School districts are incredibly chary about hiring people with criminal backgrounds.

4. Hedge (verb): (Protect oneself against loss on (a bet or investment) by making balancing or compensating transactions/ to save something from being exposed/ to guard or protect against of. (बचाव करना (सीमा में रहकर))
Synonyms: Guard, Protect, Save, Defend, Preserve, Secure, Shield.
Antonyms: Expose, Endanger, Uncover.
Example: Since the company was going through financial crisis, the revenue from newly launched app hedged it from financial bankruptcy.
Verb forms: Hedge, Hedged, Hedged.
Related words:
Hedge (noun) – बचाव

5. Cede (verb): (Give up (power or territory/ to give away authority to a government, group, or person).) सौंपना/हार मानना)
Synonyms: Surrender, Concede, Yield, Give In, Give Up, Capitulate.
Antonyms: Fight, Oppose, Defend
Example: When Matt became terminally ill, he had no choice but to cede control of his company to his daughter.
Verb forms: Cede, Ceded, Ceded
Origin: from Latin cedere ‘to yield’.

6. Beef up (phrasal verb): (To increase something, often in strength.) (मज़बूत करना)
Synonyms: Strengthen, Augment, Fortify, Intensify, Reinforce.
Antonyms: Diminish, Weaken.
Example: Facts in a n argument can beef up your position.
Verb forms: Beef up, Beefed up, Beefed up.

7. Parley (noun): (A conference between opposing sides in a dispute / a discussion) (संवाद)
Synonyms: Meeting, Conference, Summit, Discussion, Dialogue, Conclave, Consultation, Deliberation.
Example: A mediator tries to make a parley between the two parties.
Verb forms: Parley, Parleyed, Parleyed.
Related words:
Parley (verb) – Hold a conference with the opposing side to discuss terms.
Origin: from French parlee ‘spoken’,

8. Resurrect (verb): (Revive or revitalize (something that is inactive, disused, or forgotten).) (पुनर्जीवित होना/दुबारा शुरू करना)
Synonyms: Revive, Restore, Regenerate, Revitalize, Reinvigorate, Renew, Resuscitate.
Antonyms: Kill, Ruin, Damage, Worsen.
Example: People believe that Christianity evolved from the resurrection of Christ’s body from the Earth.
Verb forms: Resurrect, Resurrected, Resurrected.
Related words:
Resurrection (noun) – The revitalization or revival of something.
Origin: From Latin resurgere ‘rise again’.

9. Overarching (adjective): (Comprehensive or all-embracing.) (व्यापक)
Synonyms: Overall, Throughout, Comprehensive, All-Including.
Antonyms: Narrow, Confining, Constricted, Parochial.
Example: The appraisal of an employee is overarching in nature.
Verb forms: Overarch, Overarched, Overarched.
Related words:
Overarch (verb) – Form an arch over/cover a wide range of something

10. Littoral (adjective): (Relating to or situated on the shore of the sea or a lake.) (तटीय/किनारे का)
Synonyms: Of shore, Coastal, Seaside, At bank.
Example: Being located in a littoral area, the city had access to more fresh seafood that other cities in the state.
Related words:
Littoral (noun) – A region lying along a shore.
Origin: from Latin littoralis ‘shore’.

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