English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms (31 December 17)

By | January 2, 2018

Important daily 10 Challenging English Words in the Article of the Day with Hindi Meaning, Synonyms, Antonyms and Examples (31-12-2017):

1. Apparently (adverb): (as far as one knows or can see) (प्रत्यक्ष/स्पष्ट रूप से)
Synonyms: Seemingly, Obviously, Most Likely
Antonyms: Uncertain, Improbably, Unlikely, Dubiously
Example: I wasn’t there, but apparently it was a great party.

2. Resentful (adjective): (Feeling or expressing bitterness or indignation at having been treated unfairly) (क्रोधित)
Synonyms: Angry, Indignant, Spiteful, Acrimonious
Antonyms: Helping, Kind, Pleasant, Nice
Example: It’s hard to not feel resentful when your boss gives a promotion to his lazy son.

3. Petulance (noun): (The quality of being childishly sulky or bad-tempered.) (झल्लाहट/चिड़चिड़ापन)
Synonyms: Irritability, Short temper, Ill-humor, Impatience, Bitterness
Antonyms: Patience, Tolerance, Understanding, Mildness
Example: My husband’s petulance ruined what otherwise would have been a fantastic evening.

4. Camaraderie (noun): (Mutual trust and friendship among people who spend a lot of time together.) (भाई-चारा/सौहार्द)
Synonyms: Cordiality, Harmony, Amicability, Amicableness, Entente
Antonyms: Insipidity, Gloom, Insipidness, Dislike, Hate
Example: It had a very positive impact that created great camaraderie among the team.

5. Prickly (adjective): (Likely to cause offence or controversy, Spiky) (आशुक्रोधी/चिड़चिड़ा)
Synonyms: Complicated, Jittery, Intricate, Knotty
Antonyms: Pleasant, Smooth, Simple, Easy
Example: Her mother told her to be careful of the prickly thorns on the rose.

6. Rebellious (adjective): (Showing a desire to resist authority, control, or convention) (विद्रोहात्मक)
Synonyms: Dissident, Recalcitrant, Unruly, Bellicose
Antonyms: Governable, Manageable, Obedient, Compliant
Example: The banker’s rebellious son refused to listen to his father and continued to drain his parents’ finances.

7. Rife (adjective): ((Especially of something undesirable) of common occurrence; widespread.) (प्रचण्ड/ज्यादा)
Synonyms: Abundant, Extensive, Plentiful, Prevalent, Rampant
Antonyms: Limited, Scarce, Uncommon
Example: Most casinos are rife with overhead cameras that help prevent theft.

8. Opprobrium (noun): (Harsh criticism or censure.) (अपमान/तिरस्कार)
Synonyms: Insult, Disgrace, Offense, Infamy
Antonyms: Esteem, Honor, Elevation, Credit, Pride
Example: Because the athlete used steroids to increase his performance, he had to face the opprobrium of the sports committee.

9. Bogus (adjective): (Not genuine or true (used in a disapproving manner when deception has been attempted) (फर्जी)
Synonyms: Artificial, Snide, Bogus, Spurious, Simulate, Fictitious
Antonyms: Actual, Genuine, Real
Example: The judge immediately dismissed the bogus lawsuit.

10. Scant (adjective): (Barely sufficient) (अल्प/थोडा)
Synonyms : Insignificant, Deficient, Pinpoint, Frivolous
Antonyms: Adequate, Ample, Enough, Plentiful
Example: The student didn’t understand the math concept because she paid scant attention during the lecture

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