Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (11 February)

By | February 12, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (11-02-2018)

1)Ominous (adjective)  ( अमंगल): Omin-as
Meaning – suggesting that something bad is going to happen in the future
Synonyms-:  threatening, menacing, forbidding.
Antonyms – auspicious, bright, favourable
Example –  A friendly outing took an ominous turn when the driver realized the bus brakes were no longer working.

2)Ferment (noun) ( विक्षोभ): Fer-ment
Meaning –  to produce excitement or unrest
Synonyms-:   intensify/become worse (of a problem because of long-negligence).
Antonyms – quiet, ease, dampen
Example – The union leader hopes to fermentdissatisfaction amid the workers to force management to increase salaries.

3)Aberration (noun) – ( विपथन, पथभ्रष्टता, गुमराह ): Ab-er-ashun
Meaning – deviating from what is normal or desirable, not typical
Synonyms-:  anomaly, deviation/departure/divergence, mistake.
Antonyms  – regularity, normality, soundness , sameness
Example – In a moment of aberration, she agreed to marry him even there was no reason to like him.

4) Inexorably (adverb) ( अनवरत रूप से): In-exor-abl-e
Meaning -in a way that is impossible to stop or prevent.
Synonyms-: unstoppable, obvious
Antonyms  – avoidably, gently,unnecessarily
Example – The conflict was to lead inexorably in election keeping in mind the tough situation between the two parties.

5)Dissension (noun) ( कलह): Dis-enshun
Meaning – a disagreement that leads to arguing and discord
Synonyms-:  disagreement, dispute.
Antonyms –   agreement, concurrence, harmony
Example – Religion caused so much dissension in the family that the controversial topic was banned from the dinner table.

6)Turmoil (noun)( उथल-पुथल): Tur-mawl
Meaning – a state of confusion or disorder
Synonyms-:   confusion, disorder, agitation/disruption.
Antonyms –  calm, peace
Example – The mayor was not reelected to his office because of his inability to bring the city out of financial turmoil.

7)Posterity (noun) ( भावी पीढ़ी): Pos-ter-ity
Meaning – all future generations
Synonyms-:   future generations; descendants, successors.
Antonyms – Past, present
Example – Even if you do not care about posterity, you should not cause pollution if you at least care about yourself.

8)Echelon () ( विभाग): Ech-lon
Meaning – a rank or position in society or in an organization
Synonyms-:   level, rank, grade (in an organization).
Example – Because Satya is at the highestechelon of his company, he receives a huge salary.

9)Convene (verb)  ( इकट्ठा करना): Con-vene
Meaning – to gather for a reason
Synonyms-:  assemble, gather, meet.
Antonyms – disperse, divide, scatter
Example – Tomorrow morning, the teachers willconvene in the cafeteria to discuss the dress code.

10)Delineate (verb)  ( चित्रित करना): Deli-ni-ate
Meaning – to clearly describe or portray something
Synonyms-:  describe, define, outline.
Antonyms – confuse, distort
Example – Computer programs which candelineate faces are very helpful to law enforcement agencies

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