Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (14 February)

By | February 15, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (14-02-2018)

1) Fester ( उपेक्षा की वजह से समस्या का बढ़ जाना): Fes-tur
Meaning  – (of a problem) become worse or more intense, especially through long-term neglect or indifference.
Synonyms –  rankle, chafe, gnaw, ferment, brew, smouldr
Antonyms –  heal,ease,lessen
Example -Your anger will fester if you do not share what you really want.

2) Substantial  ( ठोस,सारभूत): subs-tan-scial
Meaning  – of considerable importance, size, or worth/ referring to something that is greater or larger than normal/
Synonyms –  considerable, solid, sizeable, major, valuable, worthwhile
Antonyms –  insubstantial, worthless
Example – After winning the lottery, the family won a substantial amount of money in which they didn’t know how to spend it all.

3) Sore ( पीड़ादायक): sowr
Meaning  – (of a part of one’s body) painful or aching/upset and angry.
Synonyms –  irritating, agonizing, vexed, displeasing
Antonyms –  healthy,fine,happy
Example – Several rounds of basketball left the players legs sore and aching.

4) Anticipate ( पूर्वानुमान): anty-si-pate
Meaning  – ready for something to occur
Synonyms –  expect, foresee, predict
Antonyms – dread,unpredictable
Example – If we follow the timeline, we anticipatewe should have the project completed before August 12.

5) Undertake ( दायित्व लेना): under-take
Meaning  – to commit oneself to an obligation
Synonyms –   tackle, take on, accept, shoulder, handle, manage,
Antonyms –  neglect, forgo
Example – Without anyone to undertake the running of the operations, the sick business owner was forced to close the doors.

6) Tempting( मोहक): tem-pt-ing
Meaning  – appealing to or attracting someone, even if wrong or unwise.
Synonyms –  enticing, alluring, attractive, appealing, inviting, captivating
Antonyms –  off-putting, uninviting, unappetizing, undesirable, unattractive
Example -The company offered the meritorious student a tempting financial offer in his second year of college.

7) Mammoth ( विशाल): mai-math
Meaning  – huge, very large
Synonyms –  enormous, gigantic, giant, colossal, massive, vast
Antonyms –  tiny, small, minute
Example – Jeff works for a mammoth-sized corporation that hires lakhs of employees all over the world.

*Idiom/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article -*

8) Under the Carpet (Idiom) (सबकी जानकारी से छुपाना):
Meaning  – To ignore, deny, or conceal from public view or knowledge something that is embarrassing, unappealing, or damaging to one’s reputation.
Synonyms -conceal,hide,suppress
Antonyms -reveal,expose,show,disclose,confess
Example – You need to stop sweeping your problems under the carpet. Nothing will get resolved like that!

9) Go by (Phrasal Verb)(के अनुसार चलना):
Meaning  – to base an opinion on something/to use something as a basis for a judgment or action/to accept what someone or something says when you are deciding what to do or think
Synonyms – follow,adopt,observe
Antonyms -ignore,neglect
Example – If they prove that I was wrong, then I’llgo by what they say.

10) Beyond the horizon (Idiom) (अनुमानित की जा सकने की संभावित सीमा से आगे):
Meaning  -Farther than the possible limit of sight; beyond what one is able to foresee, know, or anticipate
Synonyms -distant,far-flung,far-off,dreamy
Antonyms -close,near
Example – My mind wandered out beyond the horizon, trying topicture what my life would look like 10 years from now.

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