Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (19 February)

By | February 20, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (19-02-2018)

1)Throe ( noun)  (दम तोड़ना):   throh
Meaning –  intense or violent pain and struggle, especially accompanying birth, death, or great change/intense struggle or agony
Synonyms –   agony, pain, paroxysm, suffering, torture, torment, distress
Antonyms – comfort, ease, easiness
Example – After being shot by hunters, the elephant suffered the throes of death.

2)Beset (verb)  (घेर लेना):  be-set
Meaning –  (of a problem or difficulty) trouble (someone or something) persistently/to surround or attack from all sides
Synonyms –   surround, harass, plague, bedevil, attack
Antonyms – abet, aid, assist, help deliver, release
Example – The company was beset by a flood of lawsuits after their new invention led to injuries among hundreds of their customers.

3)Fissure (noun)  (दरार):  fis-ar
Meaning –  a state of incompatibility or disagreement/a narrow opening or crack
Synonyms –   split, dispute, separate, discrepancy
Antonyms – unite, unify, accord, harmony
Example -We must not encourage any such political leader who tries to  create fissures in the society through hateful inflammatory speeches.

4)Disillusionment (noun)   (मोहभंग):  dis-illuzun-ment
Meaning –  a feeling of disappointment resulting from the discovery that something is not as good as one believed it to be.
Synonyms –   disenchantment, disappointment, disaffection, dissatisfaction
Antonyms –  trusting, enthusiastic
Example – There is growing public disillusionment with the present system of government.

5)Backing (noun)   (समर्थन):  bek-ing
Meaning –  help or support.
Synonyms – support, help, assistance, cooperation, aid
Antonyms – oppose,disagree,dislike
Example -The foreign secretary won the backingof opposition parties.

6)Unrest (noun)  (अशांति):  un-rest
Meaning –  a state of uneasiness, restlessness, or agitation
Synonyms -agitation, commotion, hubbub, disruption, perturbation, chaos, disorder
Antonyms – order, orderliness
Example – The political unrest will only ease when efforts are made to make sure that all people are treated equally.

7)Disenchantment (noun) (निराशा,मोहभंग): dis-enchant-ment
Meaning –  a feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired
Synonyms –  disillusionment, disappointment, dissatisfaction, discontent
Antonyms -encouraged, enchanted
Example -There is growing disenchantment in the little kid due to the daily quarrels between his parents.

8)Reconciliation (noun) (सुलह):  re-conci-li-ashun
Meaning –  the restoration of good relations between individuals, groups, or territories who had become divided for some reason/the action of making one view or belief compatible with another.
Synonyms –  reuniting, reunion, bringing (back),conciliation,appeasement,settlement
Antonyms – estrangement, alienation, feud, incompatibility
Example – When the reconciliation brought my two brothers together again, it changed our family dynamics for the better.

*Idioms/Phrases in the article  -*

9)Stay on (phrasal verb)   (लगे रहना)   :
Meaning – continue to study, work, or be somewhere after others have left.
Synonyms –   continue to (work).
Antonyms – discontinue,halt,ignore,leave
Example –  I stayed on to get my PhD in the same institute.

10)To the fore (phrase)  (प्रमुख)   :
Meaning – In, into, or toward a position of prominence/to become most important
Synonyms –   foremost, top, principal, paramount
Antonyms – inferior,secondary,unimportant
Example –  Narendra Modi came to the fore in BJP because of his impressive vision.

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