Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (23 February)

By | February 23, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (23-02-2018)

1)Ludicrous (adjective)  (ऊटपटांग, निस्सार,बेतुका):   ludi-krus
Meaning – something viewed as humorous because of its ridiculousness
Synonyms – absurd, ridiculous, farcical, laughable, risible, preposterous
Antonyms- sensible,practical, realistic,minded
Example – The ludicrous movie is about a dog that becomes the president of a country.

1)Discomfiture (noun)   (शिकस्त,कुंठा):   dis-comfy-chur
Meaning – .a feeling of embarrassment or discomfort
Synonyms – awkwardness, embarrassment, unease, discomfort.
Antonyms- attainment,boost,delight
Example – After he lost the election to his rival, a sense of discomfiture crept over the now embarrassed politician.

1)Fevered (adjective)  (विह्वल, बेचैन, उत्तेजित):  fever-ed
Meaning –  feeling or displaying an excessive degree of nervous excitement, agitation, or energy.
Synonyms -agitated, frenzied, overwrought, frantic, fervid
Antonyms- calm
Example – The film is clearly the product of a fevered imagination.

1)Stymie (verb) (गतिरोध):   es-tie-me
Meaning –  to stand as an obstacle
Synonyms –  impede, interfere with, hamper, hinder
Antonyms- assist, help
Example – My rival did everything she could tostymie my efforts to get the winning title.

1)Confrontation (noun)  (आमना-सामना):   con-fron-tay-shun
Meaning – a hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
Synonyms – conflict, faceoff, clash, fight, contest
Antonyms-  agreement, calm, peace
Example – He would prefer not to have a confrontation with the authorities.

1)Summon (verb) (बुलवाना):   sum-un
Meaning –  request, demand or order someone to present
Synonyms – call for, ask for, send for
Antonyms- dismiss, send (away), turn away
Example – Vijay know that they will summon him to appear in court, which is why he plans on fleeing the country.

1)Usher in (verb) (मार्गदर्शन करना):   as-ur
Meaning –  show or guide (someone) somewhere.
Synonyms -start, initiate, inaugurate.
Antonyms- help, assist, show, lead, show someone the way, guide, steer
Example -As the person was new to the place, a kind man ushered him the right way into his office.

1)Transpire (verb) (घटित होना):   trans-pire
Meaning – to occur or take place/(of a secret or something unknown) come to be known; be revealed.
Synonyms –  happen, occur, take place, come about, come to pass
Antonyms-  cause, stop
Example – Although the new law has passed, you should not expect changes to transpireimmediately.

*Idioms/Phrases in the article  -*

8)In the long run (phrase)  (अन्ततः):
Meaning – over or after a long period of time
Synonyms –  eventually,ultimately,finally,someday,sooner or later
Antonyms – never, not at all
Example –   All your hard work will be worth it in the long run.

9)Give rise to (phrase) (के कारण होना।):
Meaning – cause to happen.
Synonyms – produce, bring about, cause, occasion, generate, engender
Antonyms – Destroy,halt,kill,stop
Example –  The remark about an election inevitably gave rise to widespread speculation.

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