Important Words from Article THE HINDU– 10 October 2018

By | October 10, 2018

Important Words from the Article The Hindu 10.10.2018

1.  Word: Abstruse (अव्यक्त)
Pronunciation: ab-stroos/ऐब्स्ट्रूस
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: difficult to understand; obscure.
Synonyms: obscure, perplexing
Antonyms: clear, obvious
Use in a Sentence: Chess playing is a game of such abstruse and dazzling complexity.

2.  Word: Lapse (रद्द हो जाना)
Pronunciation: laps/लैप्स
Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
a) a brief or temporary failure of concentration, memory, or judgement.
b) an interval or passage of time.
c) pass gradually into (an inferior state or condition).
d) (of a right, privilege, or agreement) become invalid because it is not used, claimed, or renewed; expire.
Synonyms: decline, regresses
Antonyms: improvements, renews
Use in a Sentence: The booking will automatically lapse unless you confirm it.

3.  Word: Propriety (शिष्टाचार)
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: the condition of being right, appropriate, or fitting.
Pronunciation: pruh-prahy-i-tee/प्रप्राइइटी
Synonyms: etiquette, decorum, aptness
Antonyms: improperness, inaptness, misconduct
Use in a Sentence: My sister is careful always to act with propriety.

4.  Word: Recuse (पीछे हट जाना)
Pronunciation: ri-kyooz/रि-क्यूज़
Part of Speech: Verb
a) challenge (a judge or juror) as unqualified to perform legal duties because of a potential conflict of interest or lack of impartiality.
b) (of a judge) excuse oneself from a case because of a potential conflict of interest or lack of impartiality.
Synonyms: withdraw, disqualify to act, reject
Antonyms: approbate, qualify, accept
Use in a Sentence: The last two days of measures had been taken up with defense notions to recuse.

5.  Word: Stoked (उकसाना)
Pronunciation: stohkt/स्टोकड
Part of Speech: Adjective
a) excited or euphoric.
Synonyms: thrilled, ablaze
Antonyms: dimmed, gloomy
Use in a Sentence: Rising oil prices stoked inflation.

6.  Word: Step Down (छोड़ देना)
Pronunciation: step-doun/स्टेप डाउन
Part of Speech: Phrasal verb of Step
a)withdraw or resign from an important position or office.
Synonyms: quit, retire, abdicate
Antonyms: intensify, took over
Use in a Sentence: The man was forced to step down from his post.

7.  Word: Probe (जांच करना)
Pronunciation: prohb/प्रोब
Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
a. a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter. [Noun]
b. explore or examine (something), especially with the hands or an instrument. [Verb]
Synonyms: scrutinize, inquiry
Antonyms: glimpse, absurd
Use in a Sentence: I don’t want to probe too deeply into your personal affairs.

8.  Word: Glaring (भड़कीला, अतिस्पष्ट)
Part of Speech: Adjective
a. giving out or reflecting a strong or dazzling light.
b. staring fiercely or fixedly.
Pronunciation: glair-ing/ग्लेरिंग
Synonyms: flagrant, obvious
Antonyms: dim, obscure
Use in a Sentence: The report contained some glaring errors.

9.  Word: Turmoil (खलबली)
Pronunciation: tur-moil/टर्मॉइल
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
Synonyms: disorder, clutter, chaos, mess
Antonyms: calm, peace, structure
Use in a Sentence: His mind was in a state of constant turmoil.

10.  Word: Crony (घनिष्ठ मित्र)
Pronunciation: kroh-nee/क्रोनी
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a close friend or companion.
Synonyms: buddy, associate
Antonyms: challenger, opponent
Use in a Sentence: The man was playing games with his cronies.

11.  Word: Overstate (अत्युक्ति करना)
Pronunciation: oh-ver-steyt/ओवर्स्टैट
Part of Speech: Verb
a) state too strongly; exaggerate.
Synonyms: overemphasize, magnify
Antonyms: downplay, belittle
Use in a Sentence: We shouldn’t overstate our past achievements.

12. Word: Kick the can down the road
Part of Speech: Phrase of kick
a) put off confronting a difficult issue or making an important decision, typically on a continuing basis.
b) to avoid or delay dealing with a problem
Synonyms: challenging, exasperating
Antonyms: do exercise, do one`s duty
Use in a Sentence: I don’t think we should kick the can down the road and let our grand kids solve that problem.

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