Important Words from Article THE HINDU– 11 Feb

By | February 11, 2019

➡ Challenging Words from the Article 11-02-2019

1. Word: Bridge the divide (दूरी कम करना)
Pronunciation: ब्रिज थे डिवाइड
Part of Speech: Phrase
Meaning: to bring two sides closer together, overcoming their differences
Synonyms: aid, assist, make a truce
Antonyms: hinder, hurt
Usage in a Sentence: We assumed that the minister was working to bridge the divide between the parties on this controversial issue.

2. Word: Polemical (विवादात्मक)
Pronunciation: puh-lem-ik, poh/ पलेमकल
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: of or involving strongly critical or disputatious writing or speech
Synonyms: critical, hostile, bitter
Antonyms: uncontroversial, undisputed
Usage in a Sentence: Setting aside the polemical aspects of his argument, Honderich’s thesis boils down to three points.

3. Word: Detractor (आलोचना करके कलंकित करने वाला)
Pronunciation: dih-traktor/ डीट्रैक्टर
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a person who disparages someone or something
Synonyms: critic, attacker, slanderer
Antonyms: benefactor, ally, supporter
Usage in a Sentence: The detractors say they are relative newcomers who would have constituted a gamble.

4. Word: Reiterate (दुहराना)
Pronunciation: ree-it-uh-reyt/ रीइटरैट
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
Synonyms: repeat, iterate, duplicate
Antonyms: elapse, conceal, dismiss
Usage in a Sentence: Before exam, my teacher reiterated all the important points

5. Word: Furlough (अवकाश)
Pronunciation: fur-loh/ फर्लो
Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
a. leave of absence, especially that granted to a member of the services or a missionary [Noun]
b. grant leave of absence to [Verb]
Synonyms: leave, vacation, holiday
Antonyms: rehire, recall, retain, employ
Usage in a Sentence: After this last furlough we paid a last sad visit to the school and found a small girl crying her heart out

6. Word: Precipitate (असावधान)
Pronunciation: pri-sip-i-teyt/ प्रिसिपटेट
Part of Speech: Verb, Adjective, Noun
a. cause (an event or situation, typically one that is undesirable) to happen suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely. [Verb]
b. done, made, or acting suddenly or without careful consideration
c. a substance precipitated from a solution [Noun]
Synonyms: hasty, rash, sudden, hurried, reckless
Antonyms: slow, deliberate, unhurried
Usage in a Sentence: I don’t think we should make precipitate decisions.

7. Word: Exaggeration (अतिशयोक्ति)
Pronunciation: ig-zaj-uh-rey-shuh n/ इग्ज़ैजरेशन
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a statement that represents something as better or worse than it really is
Synonyms: overstatement, distortion
Antonyms: understatement, honesty, reduction
Usage in a Sentence: There was a degree of exaggeration in his description of events.

8. Word: Espouse (अपनाना)
Pronunciation: ih-spouz/ एस्पाउज़
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: adopt or support (a cause, belief, or way of life)
Synonyms: adopt, embrace, support, marry
Antonyms: disown, discard, reject
Usage in a Sentence: Some teachers enthusiastically espouse the benefits to be gained from educational software.

9. Word: Regime (शासन)
Pronunciation: ruh-zheem/ रैश़ीम
Part of Speech: Noun
a. government, especially an authoritarian one.
b. a system or ordered way of doing things.
Synonyms: administration, jurisdiction
Antonyms: disorder, confusion
Usage in a Sentence: The regime got rid of most of its opponents.

10. Word: Foreboding (पूर्वाभास)
Pronunciation:fawr-boh-ding/ फॉर्बोडिंग
Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective, Verb
a. a feeling that something bad will happen; fearful apprehension [Noun]
b. implying that something bad is going to happen [Adjective]
c. have a presentiment of (something bad) [Verb]
Synonyms: prophecy, sign, premonition
Antonyms: bright, hopeful, favourable
Usage in a Sentence: He returned, full of foreboding, to the scene of the accident.

11. Word: Decry (निंदा करना)
Pronunciation: dih-krahy/ डिक्राइ
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: publicly denounce
Synonyms: denounce, condemn, criticize
Antonyms: exalt, applaud, compliment
Usage in a Sentence: He is impatient with those who decry the scheme.

12. Word: Partisan (कट्टर)
Pronunciation: pahr-tuh-zuhn/पार्टिज़न
Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
a. a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person. [Noun]
b. prejudiced in favour of a particular cause. [Adjective]
Synonyms: supporter, biased
Antonyms: opponent, unbiased
Usage in a Sentence: You must listen to both points of view and try not to be partisan.

13. Word: Rancour (अतिद्वेष)
Pronunciation: rang-ker/ रैंगकर
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: bitterness or resentfulness, especially when long-standing
Synonyms: bitterness, spite, hate, resentment
Antonyms: benevolence, charity
Usage in a Sentence: She learned to accept criticism without rancour.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *