Important Words from Article THE HINDU– 14 Feb

By | February 14, 2019

➡ Challenging Words from the Article 14-02-2019

1. Word: Discontent (असंतुष्ट)
Pronunciation: dis-kuh n-tent/ डिस्कन्टेन्ट
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: dissatisfaction with one’s circumstances; lack of contentment.
Synonyms: unhappy, annoyed
Antonyms: happiness, satisfied
Usage in a Sentence: There was an underlying current of discontent among employees.

2. Word: Despotic (स्वच्छंद)
Pronunciation: dih-spot-ik/ डिस्पाटिक
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: of or typical of a despot; tyrannical
Synonyms: dictatorial, autocratic, arbitrary
Antonyms: democratic, republican, popular
Usage in a Sentence: He was despotic, and she liked freedom; he was worldly, and she, perhaps, romantic.

3. Word: Dissent (एतराज़ करना)
Pronunciation: dih-sent/ डिसेन्ट
Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
a. the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held. [Noun]
b. hold or express opinions that are at variance with those commonly or officially held. [Verb]
Synonyms: conflict, disagree
Antonyms: ascent, approve
Usage in a Sentence: There were murmurs of both assent and dissent from the crowd.

4. Word: Theocratic (धर्मशासित)
Pronunciation: thee-ok-ruh-see/ थीअक्रैटिक
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: relating to or denoting a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god
Synonyms: clerical, priestly
Antonyms: secular, unpriestly
Usage in a Sentence: The undefended city and the ritual bronzes demonstrated that this kingdom was more theocratic than political.

5. Word: Defiant (अवज्ञाकारी)
Pronunciation: dih-fahy-uhnt/ डिफाइअन्ट
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: showing defiance
Synonyms: insubordinate, bold, disobedient
Antonyms: apologetic, cooperative, obedient, respectful, submissive
Usage in a Sentence: The Prime Minister was in defiant mood in the House of Commons yesterday

6. Phrase: Strike a note (अभिव्यक्त करना)
Pronunciation: स्ट्राइक अ नोट
Part of Speech: Phrase
Meaning: to express and communicate a particular opinion or feeling about something; be relevant or familiar to
Synonyms: bethink, call to mind, cite
Antonyms: calm, isregard, forget
Usage in a Sentence: Let me strike a note of hopefulness: this job will not be as hard as you think.

7. Word: Mobilise (संघटित करना)
Pronunciation: moh-buh-lahyz/ मोबलाइज़
Part of Speech: Verb
a. (of a country or its government) prepare and organize (troops) for active service.
b. organize and encourage (a group of people) to take collective action in pursuit of a particular objective.
c. make (something) movable or capable of movement.
Synonyms: rally, summon, muster
Antonyms: demobilise, inactivate, bring to a halt
Usage in a Sentence: India is now in a better position to mobilise its forces.

8. Word: Rhetoric (शब्दाडम्बर)
Pronunciation: ret-er-ik/रेटरिक
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect, but which is often regarded as lacking in sincerity or meaningful content.
Synonyms: Elocution, Discourse, Bombast
Antonyms: Conciseness, Quiet
Usage in a Sentence: As the elections are just one week away, the rhetoric on both parties is building.

9. Word: Isolation (एकाकीपन)
Pronunciation: ahy-suh-ley-shuh n/ आइसलेशन
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: the process or fact of isolating or being isolated
Synonyms: solitude, seclusion, privacy
Antonyms: amalgamation, alliance, association
Usage in a Sentence: He retired and lived in relative isolation.

10. Word: Multilateral (बहुपक्षीय)
Pronunciation: muhl-ti-lat-er-uh l/ मल्टीलैटरल
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: agreed upon or participated in by three or more parties, especially the governments of different countries
Synonyms: multifaceted, international
Antonyms: unilateral, bilateral, mutual
Usage in a Sentence: The first round of multilateral trade talks has swayed between hope and despair

11. Word: Elite (उच्च वर्ग)
Pronunciation: ih-leet /ऐलीट
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a select group that is superior in terms of ability or qualities to the rest of a group or society.
Synonyms: nobility, prime
Antonyms: worst, ordinary
Usage in a Sentence: Public opinion is influenced by the small elite who control the media.

12. Word: Bolster (सहारा)
Pronunciation: bohl-ster/ बोल्स्टर
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: support or strengthen.
Synonyms: reinforce, brace, fortify
Antonyms: obstruct, weaken, hinder
Usage in a Sentence: He is making a strong effort to bolster the territory’s confidence.

13. Phrase: Bank on (आशा करना)
Pronunciation: bangk- on/ बैंक ऑन
Part of Speech: Phrasal Verb
Meaning: rely on confidently
Synonyms: trust, count on, rely on, depend on
Antonyms: doubt, suspect
Usage in a Sentence: You can bank on him to hand you a reasonable bill for your services.

14. Word: Détente (दो देशों के संबंध सुधारना)
Pronunciation: dey-tahnt/ डेटान्ट
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: the easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries
Synonyms: defusing, relaxation, easing
Antonyms: disruptive, combative
Usage in a Sentence: The talks are aimed at furthering detente between the two countries.

15. Word: Scuttle (बिगाड़ना/तीव्र गति)
Pronunciation: skuht-l/ स्कटल
Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
a. run hurriedly or furtively with short quick steps. [Verb]
b. deliberately cause (a scheme) to fail. [Verb]
c. a metal container with a handle used to fetch and store coal for a domestic fire. [Noun]
Synonyms: hasten, wreck
Antonyms: decelerate, resume
Use in a Sentence: The incident threatens to scuttle the peace process.

16. Word: Repression (नियंत्रण)
Pronunciation: ri-presh-uh n/ रीप्रेशन
Part of Speech: Noun
a. the restraint, prevention, or inhibition of a feeling, quality, etc.
b. the action of subduing someone or something by force.
Synonyms: control, oppression, suppression, inhibition
Antonyms: liberty, permission
Use in a Sentence: The political repression in this country is enforced by terror.

17. Word: Unleash (उन्मुक्त करना)
Pronunciation: uhn-leesh/ अन्लीश
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: cause (a strong or violent force) to be released or become unrestrained.
Synonyms: release, liberate, extricate
Antonyms: restrain, control, inhibit
Use in a Sentence: The result will unleash the raging demands for her resignation.

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