Important Words from Article THE HINDU– 06 Mar 2019

By | March 6, 2019

Challenging Words from the Article 06-03-2019

1. Word: Nudge (टहोका मारना)
Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
Pronunciation: nuhj/ नज
a. prod (someone) gently with one’s elbow in order to attract attention. [Verb]
b. a light touch or push. [Noun]
Synonyms: push, poke
Antonyms: discourage, dissuade
Usage in a Sentence: I gave him a nudge to wake him up.

2. Word: Moderation (संतुलन)
Pronunciation: mod-uh-rey-shuh n/ माडरेशन
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: the avoidance of excess or extremes, especially in one’s behaviour or political opinions.
Synonyms: restraint, continence, abstain
Antonyms: greed, excess, extreme
Usage in a Sentence: Some people think drinking in moderation can prevent heart disease.

3. Word: Defuse (स्थिति को गंभीर होने से रोकना)
Pronunciation: dee-fyooz/ डिफ्यूज़
Part of Speech: Verb
a. remove the fuse from (an explosive device) in order to prevent it from exploding
b. make (a situation) less tense or dangerous.
Synonyms: unset, deactivate, appease, relieve
Antonyms: aggravate, agitate, stimulate
Usage in a Sentence: A spokesman said this firm action had defused a very nasty situation.

4. Word: Parlous (ख़तरनाक)
Pronunciation: pahr-luh s/पार्लस
Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb
a. full of danger or uncertainty; precarious. [Adjective]
b. greatly or excessively. [Adverb]
Synonyms: perilous, hazardous, risky
Antonyms: secure, innocent, hopeful
Usage in a Sentence: My cousins had a parlous journey on hilly areas.

5. Word: Amenable (प्रतिसंवेदी)
Pronunciation: uh-mee-nuh-buhl/ अमेनबल
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled.
Synonyms: complaint, manageable, controllable
Antonyms: stubborn, defiant, obstinate
Usage in a Sentence: His scientific discoveries are amenable to the laws of physics.

6. Word: Entrenched (अंतर्निहित)
Pronunciation: en-tren-ch-d/ इन्ट्रेन्च्ट
Part of Speech: Adjective
a. to establish an attitude, habit, or belief so strongly that it is not likely to change
Synonyms: fixed, inflexible, instilled
Antonyms: vulnerable, adjustable, unestablished
Usage in Sentence: Our soldiers have entrenched themselves behind the battle lines.

7. Word: Loom (संकट मँडराना)
Pronunciation: loom/ लूम
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
Synonyms: menace, emerge, stand out
Antonyms: disappear, diminish, remove
Use in a Sentence: We should flag those problems that could loom ahead.

8. Word: Embark (प्रारम्भ करना)
Part of Speech: Verb
Pronunciation: em-bahrk/ इम्बार्क
Meaning: begin (a course of action).
Synonyms: commence, initiate
Antonyms: conclude, culminate
Use in a Sentence: The man is about to embark on a strategic career.

9. Word: Vacuum (शून्य स्थान)
Pronunciation: vak-yoom/ वैक्यूअम
Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
a. a space entirely devoid of matter. (Noun)
b. clean with a vacuum cleaner. (Verb)
Synonyms: void, emptiness, vacancy
Antonyms: fullness, abundance
Usage in a Sentence: The writer criticized the moral vacuum in society.

10. Word: Expeditionary (अभियान का)
Pronunciation: ek-spi-dish-uh-ner-ee/ एक्स्पडिशनेरी
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: of or forming an expedition, especially a military expedition.
Synonyms: legionary, travelling
Antonyms: civilian
Usage in a Sentence: In September Parliament sent an expeditionary force against them, under Warwick as admiral.

11. Word: Expatriate (निर्वासित करना)
Pronunciation: eks-pey-tree-eyt/ एक्स्पेट्रीएट
Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective, Verb
a. a person who lives outside their native country. (Noun)
b. denoting or relating to a person living outside their native country. (Adjective)
c. send (a person or money) abroad. (Verb)
Synonyms: exile, banish, experl
Antonyms: repatriate, hold
Usage in a Sentence: Most expatriates will benefit from consulting an independent financial adviser for specialist help.

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