History of Pakistan 1857-1947

By | February 12, 2020

1857 Mutiny against the British

1858 Government Of India Act 1858

1861 Indian Council Act 1861

1885 Indian National Congress is founded by A.O. Hume

1905 Partition of Bengal announced

1906 Muslim League was founded at Decca on 31st December.

1907 Seditious meeting act 1907

1908 Khudiram Bose was executed on 30th April.

1908 Tilak was sentenced to six years on charges of sedition on 22nd July.

1909 Minto-Morley Reforms of Indian Councils Act – 21st May

1910 Indian press act 1910

1911 Delhi durbar held. Partition of Bengal is cancelled.

1911 New Delhi established as the new capital of India

1912 A Bomb was thrown on Lord Hardinge on his state entry into Delhi on 23rd December.

1914 The Ghadar Party was formed at San Francisco on 1st November

1914 Tilak was released from jail on 16th June.

1914 Outbreak of the 1st World War 4th August

1914 Komagatamaru ship reaches Budge Budge (Calcutta port) on 29the September.

1915 Mahatma Gandhi arrived in India on 9th Jan

1915 Gopal Krishna Gokhale died on 19th February.

1916 Tilak founded Indian Home Rule League with its headquarters at Poona on 28th April.

1916 Annie Besant started another Home Rule League on 25th September.

1917 Mahatma Gandhi launches the Champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on the grievances of indigo planters in April

1917 The Secretary of State for India, Montague, declares that the goal of the British government in India is introduction of Responsible Government on 20th August.

1918 Beginning of trade union movement in India.

1919 Rowlatt Bill introduced on Feb 16, 1919.

1919 The Jallianwala Bagh tragedy took place on 13th April in Amritsar.

1919 The House of Commons passes the Montague Chelmsford Reforms or the Government of India Act, 1919 on 5th December. The new reforms under this Act came into operation in 1921.

1920 First meeting of the All India Trade Union Congress, (under Narain Malhar Joshi).

1920 The Indian National Congress (INC) adopts the Non-Co-operation Resolution in December.

1920-22 Mahatma Gandhi suspends Non-Co-operation Movement on Feb 12 after the violent incidents at Chauri Chaura.

1922 Moplah rebellion on the Malabar coast in August.

1923 Swaraj Party was formed by Motilal Nehru and others on 1st January.

1924 The Communist Party of India starts its activities at Kanpur.

1925 The Kakori Train Conspiracy case in August

1927 The British Prime Minister appoints Simon Commission to suggest future constitutional reforms in India.

1928 Simon Commission arrives in Bombay on Feb 3. An all-India hartal is called. Lala Lajpat Rai assaulted by police at Lahore.

1928 Nehru Report recommends principles for the new Constitution of India. All parties conference considers the Nehru Report, Aug 28-31, 1928.

1928 Lala Lajpat Rai died on 17th November due to injuries.

1929 Sarda Act passed: prohibs marriage of girls below 14 and boys below 18 years of age.

1929 All Parties Muslim Conference formulates the ‘Fourteen Points’ under the leadership of Jinnah on 9th March.

1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwari Dutt throw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assen on 8th April.

1929 Lord Irwin’s announced that the goal of British policy in India was the grant of the Dominion status on 31st October.

1929 The Lahore session of the INC adopts the goal of complete independence (poorna swarajya) for India; Jawaharlal Nehru hoists the tricolour on the banks of the Ravi at Lahore on 31st December.

1930 First Independence Day observed on 26th January.

1930 The Working Committee of the INC meets at Sabarmati and passes the Civil Disobedience resolution on 14th February.

1930 Mahatma Gandhi launches the Civil Disobedience movement with his epic Dandi Mar (Mar 12 to Apr 6). First phase of the Civil Disobedience movement: Mar 12, 1930 to Mar 5, 1931.

1930 First Round Table Conference begins in London to consider the report of the Simon Commission on 30th November.

1931 On 5th March, the Gandhi lrwin pact was signed and the Civil Disobedience movement was suspended.

1931 Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Rajguru were executed on 23rd March.

1931 Second Round Table Conference took place on 7th September.

1931 Gandhiji returns from London after the deadlock in llnd RTC on 28th December. Launches Civil Disobedience Movement. The INC declared illegal.

1932 Gandhiji was arrested and imprisoned without trial on 4th January.

1932 British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald announced the infamous “Communal Award” on 16th August.

1932 Gandhiji in jail, begins his epic “fast unto death” against the Communal Award on 20th September and ends the fast on 26th of the same month after the Poona Pact.

1932 The Third Round Table Conference begins in London (Nov 17 to Dec 24)

1933 Gandhiji released from prison as he begins fast for self-purification on 9th May. INC suspends Civil Disobedience movement but authorizes Satyagraha by individuals.

1934 Gandhiji withdraws from active politics and devotes himself to constructive programmes (1934-39).

1935 The Government of India Act 1935 was passed on 4th August

1937 Elections held in India under the Act of 1935 (Feb 1937). The INC contests election and forms ministries in several provinces (Jul 1937)

1937 Wardha scheme of basic education

1938 Haripura session of INC was held on 19th February. Subhash Chandra Boss was elected Congress president on the 20th of February.

1939 Tripuri session of the INC was conducted from the 10th to the 12th of March.

1939 Subhash Chandra Bose resigns as the president of the INC in April.

1939 Second World War (Sep 1). Great Britain declares war on Germany on 3rd September; the Viceroy declares that India too is at war.

1939 Between 27th October to 5th November, the Congress ministries in the provinces resign in protest against the war policy of the British government.

1939 The Muslim League observes the resignation of the Congress ministries as ‘Deliverance Day’ on 22nd December.

1940 Lahore session of ihe Muslim League passes the Pakistan Resolution in March

1940 Viceroy Linlithgow announces-August Offer on 10th of August.

1940 Congress Working Committee rejects the ‘August Offer’ between 18th to the 22nd of August.

1940 Congress launches Individual Satyagraha movement on 17th October.

1941 Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from India on 17 January; arrives in Berlin (Mar 28).

1942 Churchill announces the Cripps Mission on 11th of March

1942 The INC meets in Bombay; adopts ‘Quit India’ resolution on 7th & 8th August.

1942 Gandhiji and other Congress leaders were arrested on 9th August

1942 Quit India movement begins on 11th of August; the Great Aug Uprising.

1942 Subhash Chandra Bose established the Indian National Army ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ on 1st September.

1943 Subhash Chandra Bose proclaims the formation of the Provisonal Government of Free India on 21st October.

1943 Karachi session of the Muslim League adopts the slogan Divide arc in December.

1944 Wavell calls Simla Conference in a bid to form the Executive Council at Indian political leaders on 25th January.

1946 Mutiny of the Indian naval ratings in Bombay.

1946 Cabinet Mission arrives in New Delhi (Mar 14);British Prime Minister Attlee announces Cabinet Mission ro propose new solution to the Indian deadlock on 15th March; ; issues proposal (May 16).

1946 Jawaharlal Nehru takes over as Congress president on 6th July.

1946 Wavell invites Nehru to form an interim government on 6th August; Interim Government takes office (Sep 2).

1946 First session of the Constituent Assembly of India starts on 9th December. Muslim League boycotts it.

1947 On 20th February, British Prime Minister Attlee declares that the British government would leave India not later than Jun 1948.

1947 Lord Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy and Governor General of India, sworn in on 24th March

1947 Mountbatten Plan was made on 3rd June for the partition of India and the announcement was made on June 4th that transfer to power will take place on August 15th

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