Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (02 January)

By | January 2, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (02-01-2018)

1)Tort (noun) (अपकृत्य, गलत कार्य):  taw-rt
Meaning – a wrongdoing, not including contract violations resulting in harm and compensation
Synonyms – Misconduct, crime, law-breaking
Antonyms – Virtue, good deed
Example -After the young man was caught stealing expensive things from the house, the homeowner took legal action against the young man for tort.

2)Relentless (adjective) (अनवरत, कठोर):  re-lent-less
Meaning -someone or something that is persistent, harsh and unforgiving
Synonyms –   unyielding, constant, continuous
Antonyms – intermittent, benevolent, lenient
Example – During the battle, the relentless soldier continued to fight despite the bullet in his shoulder.

3)Meticulous (adjective)  (सूक्ष्म) : meti-ku-lus
Meaning –  showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise
Synonyms –  scrupulous,careful, diligent
Antonyms -careless, sloppy, negligent
Example – Because her maid a meticulouscleaner, every inch of her house is spotless.

4)Befall (verb) (बीतन ा, घटित होना): bi-fall
Meaning –  (especially of something bad) happen to (someone)
Synonyms-:  happen, overtake, occur, appear.
Antonyms – stop , disappear
Example –  Because karma repays bad people for their evil deeds, pain and suffering will eventuallybefall them.

5)Catastrophe (noun) (तबाही) – cata-as-tropf
Meaning – a disaster of huge proportions
Synonyms –  calamity, tragedy, mishappening
Antonyms – blessing, fortune, prosperity
Example – During the catastrophe over a thousand families lost their homes.

6)Brazen (adjective)  (निर्लज्ज) – braj-an
Meaning – bold and without shame
Synonyms – flagrant, shameless, blatant
Antonyms – Shy, timid, meek
Example – The thieves were brazen enough to leave a mocking note for the investigators.

7)Benign (adjective) (मामूली,सौम्य) -be-nine
Meaning – having no significant effect; harmless
Synonyms-   mild, temperate, mild, gentle, clement
Antonyms – hostile, malignant , hurtful
Example – When the doctor said my illness was benign, I was so happy.

8)Conscience (noun)  ( विवेक ) – con-sense
Meaning -a person’s moral sense of right and wrong, viewed as acting as a guide to one’s behaviour.
Synonyms- morals, standards, values, principles, ethics
Antonyms –  immorality, insensibility, unaware
Example –  Ravi does not leave anything in his plate because his conscience never lets him forget about the people who are starving somewhere.

9)Rampant (adjective)  (अनियंत्रित) –  ram-pant
Meaning – not restrained
Synonyms – widespread, uncontrolled
Antonyms – controlled, restrained, limited, minor
Example –  During the riots, crime was rampant in the streets.

10)Complicit (adjective)   (सहापराध) –   compli-sit
Meaning –  involved with others in an activity that is unlawful or morally wrong.
Synonyms – engaged culpable, involved
Example –  The careers of those complicit in the ragging incident in the college were spoiled

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