Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (20 January)

By | January 22, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (20-01-2018)

1)Procurement (noun) ( खरीद , हासिल करना): pro-cure-ment
Meaning -the action of obtaining or procuring something.
Synonyms – acquirement,  attainment,  gain
Antonyms – sale,lose , give away
Example – If you would like to go on the school field trip, procurement of your parents’ signature on this permission form is necessary.

2)Plank (noun) ( राजनीतिक या अन्य कार्यक्रम का एक बुनियादी बिंदु): plangk
Meaning – a fundamental point of a political or other programme.
Synonyms –  platform , support , basic , primary
Antonyms – secondary , incidental
Example – Encouraging people to shop locally is a central plank of his environment policy.

3)Oust (verb) ( बाहर निकालना): oust
Meaning – to banish or kick out
Synonyms –  expel,dismiss,eject,evict
Antonyms – appoint,welcome,keep
Example -Environmental specialists would prefer to oust herbicides because they can cause health problems and diseases to many people.

4)Rupture (verb) ( टूटना):   ruhp-cher
Meaning – a crack that interrupts peaceable relations
Synonyms –  split,break,rift
Antonyms – collaborate, mend , join
Example – The missile launch is sure to rupturethe relationship between the two countries.

5)Underside (noun) (  आमतौर पर दृष्टि से छिपा हुआ  पक्ष):un-der-sahyd
Meaning – the less favourable aspect of something, a side usually hidden from sight; specifically : the more unpleasant or reprehensible side
Synonyms –  bottom, depth, underneath
Antonyms –  top,supreme
Example – The book explores the underside of human nature.

6)Insurgency (noun) ( विद्रोह): in-sur-jun-see
Meaning – an active revolt or uprising, a violent attempt to oppose a country’s government carried out by citizens of that country.
Synonyms – rebellion,revolt,mutiny
Antonyms – calm, compliance
Example – Saddam hussain has led a violent armed insurgency for 15 years.

7)Carved out (phrase) ( कड़ी मेहनत से कमाना): carved
Meaning – to make or create (a career/reputation)
Synonyms –  earn, create
Example – You need to carve out your own future, nobody will do it for you.

9)Turbulent (adjective) ( अशांत): tur-byuh-lent
Meaning – characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm , being in a wild or disordered state
Synonyms –  :tempestuous, stormy, unstable, unsettled
Antonyms –  calm, peaceful,still,tranquil
Example – The recession is going to causeturbulent times for families who are already struggling to pay their bills.

10)Leave no stone unturned (phrase) ( कोई कसर न छोड़ना)
Meaning- try every possible course of action in order to achieve something.
Synonyms –  deal with , make up
Antonyms –  ignore , neglect
Example – The researcher left no stone unturnedin her search for the original documents.

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