Challenging Words from The Article The Hindu (05 February)

By | February 5, 2018

Daily English Vocabulary with Synonyms and Antonyms with Hindi Meaning and Examples (05-02-2018)

1)Vexatious (adjective)  (खिजलानेवाला) : vex-ashi-us
Meaning -causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.
Synonyms – annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome, displeasing, infuriating
Antonyms – delightful, pleasing
Example – Vexatious security checks annoyed the hurried travellers who just wanted to get to their destination quickly.

2)Tyranny (noun)  (उत्पीड़न, प्रजा पीड़क शासन) : ti-rany
Meaning -excessively cruel use of power/cruel and oppressive government or rule.
Synonyms –  despotism, absolutism, absolute power, autocracy, dictatorship
Antonyms – democracy, liberality
Example -Working together, the two countries hoped they could uproot the dictator and free the small nation from tyranny.

3)Frugal (adjective)  ( सरल और साद ा, किफ़ायती) : fru-gal
Meaning – simple and plain and costing little/sparing or economical as regards money or food.
Synonyms – meagre, scanty, scant, paltry, skimpy
Antonyms – lavish, sumptuous, lush, costly, opulent, grand
Example –  Be more frugal with your expenses, and you will not be in debt.

4)Grandiose (adjective)   ( भव्य ) : gran-di-ose
Meaning -extravagantly or pretentiously imposing in appearance or style/appearing to be impressive but not really possible or practical
Synonyms – magnificent, impressive, grand, imposing
Antonyms – unimpressive, humble, modest
Example – Always producing grandiose plans will never work,until you work hard for them.

5)Unremunerative (adjective)  ( अलाभकारी) : un-rim-une-rative
Meaning -bringing little or no profit or income.
Synonyms – futile, unprofitable, worthless, valueless.
Antonyms – fruitful, productive, worthwhile
Example – The present management reported that the land was unremunerativeand lying idle.

6)Unerring (adjective) ( सही ढंग से) : en-rang-ly
Meaning – always right or accurate.
Synonyms – unfailing, infallible, unswerving, perfect, flawless,
Antonyms – : fallible, imperfect
Example – After years of experience in the police, the detective had an unerringinstinct that told him when someone was lying.

7)Construe (verb)  ( ख़राब करना) : cons-true
Meaning -interpret (a word or action) in a particular way/to clarify what something means
Synonyms – interpret, understand, read, see, take
Antonyms – befog, cloud confound, confuse, obfuscate
Example – What may seem helpful behaviour to you can be construed as interference by others.

8)Belie (verb)   ( झुठलाना,उचित ठहराने में विफल) : bi-lie
Meaning -(of an appearance) fail to give a true impression of (something)/fail to fulfil or justify (a claim or expectation).
Synonyms – camouflage, cloak, conceal, counterfeit, disguise, hide
Antonyms – disclose, discover, evince, exhibit,
Example –  Some actresses good looks belie the truth about their real age.

9)Clamour (noun) – ( हंगामा , विरोध) : cla-mur
Meaning -a loud complaint about something or a demand for something/a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting
Synonyms – outburst, protest, complaints, outcry, commotion.
Antonyms – silence,calm,order,peace
Example –  After the bombing, there was a public clamour for vengeance.

10)Peg at (verb)  ( सीमा तय करना) : peg-at
Meaning – fix (a price, rate, or amount) at a particular level.
Synonyms – hold down, keep down, fix, set, hold, control, freeze, limit
Example – The Bank wants to peg interest rates at 9%.

11)Dwindle (adjective) ( क्षीण होना) : dwind-ling
Meaning -diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength.
Synonyms – – diminish, decrease, reduce
Antonyms – elongate, extend, lengthen, prolong
Example – As the number of workers began to dwindle because of the cutbacks, the workload of each person became intolerable.

12)Ameliorative (verb)  ( सुधारात्मक,उन्नति करनेवाला) : ame-lio-ra-tive
Meaning -to make something  better or easier in some way
Synonyms – curative reformed, improved, revamped
Antonyms -harmful, injurious, damaging
Example – Ameliorative steps need to be taken to handle the worsening situation of religious intolerance.

13)Tug of war (noun)  (रस्साकशी, शक्ति पर विवाद) : tug-of-war
Meaning – A situation in which two evenly matched people or factions are striving to keep or obtain the same thing.
Synonyms –  battle, combat, competition, conflict, confrontation
Antonyms – concord, harmony, peace
Example – There was a constant tug-of-war between the military and the President in Pakistan.

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