Wetlands in India

By | February 7, 2018

01. Ashtamudi Wetland (614 km2)➖➖➖🔸Kerala➖➖➖🔸August 2002 ➖➖➖🔸A natural backwater in Kollam district.

02. Vembanad-Kol Wetland (1512.5 km2)➖➖➖🔸Kerala➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸Largest lake of Kerala, spanning across Alappuzha, Kottayam , and Ernakulam districts.

03. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary (385 km2)➖➖➖🔸Tamil Nadu ➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸One of the last remnants of Dry Evergreen Forests.

04. Bhoj Wetland (32 km2)➖➖➖🔸Madhya Pradesh➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸The Bhoj Wetland consists of two lakes – the Bhojtal and the Lower Lake.

05. Chandra Taal (49 km2)➖➖➖🔸Himachal Pradesh➖➖➖🔸November 2005➖➖➖🔸A high altitude lake on the upper Chandra valley.

06. Chilika Lake (1165 km2)➖➖➖🔸Odisha➖➖➖🔸October 1981➖➖➖🔸Chilka Lake (Chilika Lake) is a brackish water lagoon. Largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.

07. Deepor Beel (40 km2)➖➖➖🔸Assam➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸Permanent freshwater lake in a former channel of the Brahmaputra river.

08. East Kolkata Wetlands (125 km2)➖➖➖🔸West Bengal➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸World-renowned as a model of a multiple use wetland.

09. Harike Wetland (41 km2)➖➖➖🔸Punjab➖➖➖🔸March 1990➖➖➖🔸An important site for breeding, wintering and staging birds.

10. Hokera Wetland (13.75 km2)➖➖➖🔸Jammu and Kashmir➖➖➖🔸November 2005➖➖➖🔸Located in the northwest Himalayan biogeographic province of Kashmir, back of the snow-draped Pir Panchal.

11. Kanjli Wetland (1.83 km2)➖➖➖🔸Punjab➖➖➖🔸January 2002➖➖➖🔸The stream is considered to be the most significant in the state from the religious point of view, as it is associated with the first guru of the Sikhs, Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

12. Keoladeo National Park (28.73 km2)➖➖➖🔸Rajasthan➖➖➖🔸October 1981➖➖➖🔸Placed on the Montreux Record in 1990 due to “water shortage and an unbalanced grazing regime”.

13. Kolleru Lake (901 km2)➖➖➖🔸Andhra Pradesh➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸Bird sanctuary

14. Loktak Lake (266 km2)➖➖➖🔸Manipur➖➖➖🔸 March 1990➖➖➖🔸Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in the north-eastern region of the country. Placed on the Montreux Record.

15. Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary (123 km2)➖➖➖🔸Gujarat➖➖➖🔸September 2012➖➖➖🔸A natural freshwater lake (a relict sea) that is the largest natural wetland in the Thar Desert Biogeographic Province.

16. Pong Dam Lake (156.62 km2)➖➖➖🔸Himachal Pradesh➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸A water storage reservoir created in 1975 on the Beas River in the low foothills of the Himalaya on the northern edge of the Indo-Gangetic plain.

17. Renuka Lake (2 km2)➖➖➖🔸Himachal Pradesh➖➖➖🔸November 2005➖➖➖🔸A natural wetland with freshwater springs and inland subterranean karst formations, fed by a small stream flowing from the lower Himalayan out to the Giri river.

18. Ropar Wetland (13.65 km2)➖➖➖🔸Punjab➖➖➖🔸January 2002➖➖➖🔸A human made wetland of lake and river formed by the 1952 construction of a barrage for diversion of water from the Sutlej River for drinking and irrigation supplies.

19. Rudrasagar Lake (2.4 km2)➖➖➖🔸Tripura➖➖➖🔸November 2005➖➖➖🔸Also known as Rudijala. Potential important bird area and attracts a large number of waterfowl in winter.

20. Sambhar Lake (240 km2)➖➖➖🔸Rajasthan➖➖➖🔸March 1990➖➖➖🔸India’s largest inland salt lake.

21. Sasthamkotta Lake (3.73 km2)➖➖➖🔸Kerala➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸Largest freshwater lake in Kerala, situated in Kollam district.

22. Surinsar-Mansar Lakes (3.5 km2)➖➖➖🔸Jammu and Kashmir➖➖➖🔸November 2005 The lake supports CITES and IUCN Redlisted Lissemys punctata, Aspideretes gangeticus, and Mansariella lacustris.

23. Tsomoriri (120 km2)➖➖➖🔸Jammu and Kashmir➖➖➖🔸August 2002➖➖➖🔸A freshwater to brackish lake lying at 4,595 m above sea level, with wet meadows and borax-laden wetlands along the shores.

24. Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch) (265.9 km2)➖➖➖🔸Uttar Pradesh➖➖➖🔸November 2005 ➖➖➖🔸The river provides habitat for IUCN Red listed Ganges River Dolphin, Gharial, Crocodile, 6 species of tu

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