Important Words from Article THE HINDU– 23 October 2018

By | October 25, 2018

➡ Challenging Words from the Article 23-10-2018

1. Word: Resilient (प्रत्यास्थी)
Pronunciation: ri-zil-yuh nt/रिज़िल्यन्ट
Part of Speech: Adjective
a. (of a person or animal) able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions.
b. (of a substance or object) able to recoil or spring back into shape after bending, stretching, or being compressed.
Synonyms: stiff, strong, stable
Antonyms: fragile, brittle
Use in a Sentence: More individual lives make the ecosystem more resilient.

2.  Word: Consternation (व्याकुलता)
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a feeling of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected.
Pronunciation: kon-ster-ney-shuhn/ कान्स्टर्नैशन
Synonyms: Fright, Fear, Anxiety, Distress
Antonyms: Tranquility, Calmness, Contentment
Use in a Sentence: Too many errors in the file created consternation for my team members.

3. Word: Exodus (पलायन)
Pronunciation: ek-suh-duh s/एक्सडस
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning:  a mass departure of people.
Synonyms: withdrawal, evacuation, exit, departure, egress
Antonyms: arrival, influx, inflow, entry
Use in a Sentence: There has been a mass exodus of workers from the villages to the cities.

4. Word: Bellwether (नेता)
Pronunciation: bel-weth-er\बेल्वेदर
Part of Speech: Noun
a. a person or thing that assumes the leadership or forefront, as of a profession or industry
b. a person or thing that shows the existence or direction of a trend; index.
Synonyms: influencer, leader, guide
Antonyms: laggard, straggler
Use in a Sentence: Paris remains the bellwether of the fashion industry.

5. Word: Offset (कमी पूरी होना या करना)
Pronunciation: awf-set/ऑफ्सेट
Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
a. a consideration or amount that diminishes or balances the effect of an opposite one. [Noun]
b. the amount or distance by which something is out of line. [Noun]
c. counteract (something) by having an equal and opposite force or effect. [Verb]
Synonyms: counterbalance, compensate, neutralize
Antonyms: ending, extension
Use in a Sentence: The increase in pay costs was more than offset by higher productivity.

6. Word: Onslaught (आक्रमण)
Pronunciation: आन्स्लॉट / ऑन्स्लॉट
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a fierce or destructive attack/an overwhelmingly large number of people or things.
Synonyms: Attack, Offensive, Aggression
Antonyms: Defense, Protect, Resort, Security
Use in a Sentence: In the holy place, continued onslaught of visitors can be predicted as a sign of danger.

7. Word: Complacency (आत्मसंतोष)
Pronunciation: kuh m-pley-suh n-see/कम्प्लैसन्सी
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonyms:  self-satisfaction, self-approval, self-admiration
Antonyms: anxiousness, anxiety, modesty
Use in a Sentence: Her early success has led to complacency and overconfidence.

8. Word: Precarious (अनिश्चित)
Pronunciation: pri-kair-ee-uh s/प्रिकेरीअस
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: dependent on chance; uncertain
Synonyms: hazardous, perilous, insecure
Antonyms: strong, secure, stable
Use in a Sentence:  This place is a precarious and unstable area.

9. Word: Loom (संकट मँडराना)
Pronunciation: loom/लूम
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
Synonyms: menace, emerge, stand out
Antonyms: disappear, diminish, remove
Use in a Sentence: We should flag those problems that could loom ahead.

10. Word: Juncture (संयोजन)
Pronunciation: juhngk-cher/जंगक्चर
Part of Speech: Noun
a. a particular point in events or time.
Synonyms: moment, occasion
Antonyms: division, partition
Use in a Sentence: At this juncture, I would like to make an important announcement.

11. Word: Moot (विचार करना)
Part of Speech: Verb, Adjective
a. subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty. [Adjective]
b. having little or no practical relevance. [Adjective]
c. raise (a question or topic) for discussion; suggest (an idea or possibility). [Verb]
Pronunciation: moot/मूट
Synonyms: debatable, disputable, arguable, uncertain
Antonyms: definite, certain, irrefutable
Use in a Sentence: It’s a moot point whether Rohan or Sohan is a better player.

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