Fast Math and Shortcut Rules for Subtraction- Rule-I:

Useful Shortcut rules for Subtraction which was more helpful in the fast math to solve the aptitude questions were given below. Candidates those who are preparing for the SSC and all competitive exams can use this.

Rule-I: Borrowing and Paying Back Method:

This method is the quickest method of subtraction. This method is also called equal additions method.

Example (1): Suppose we have to subtract 55 from 91. Mentally we have to increase the number to be subtracted to the nearest multiple of 10 i.e., increase 55 to 60 by adding 5 to it. Mentally increase the other quantity by the same amount i.e., by 5. Therefore, the problem is 96 minus 60 i.e., our answer is 96 – 60= 36.

Example (2): Sometimes it is useful to increase the number to be subtracted to the nearest multiple of 100 for example 442 – 179. Therefore 179 becomes 200 by adding 21 and 442 becomes 463 by adding 21. Then the problem becomes 463 – 200= 263. Now we see that 463 – 200 is easier than 442 – 179. The result is same as 263.

Example (3): Another example is 2326 – 1875. Here 1875 becomes 2000 by adding 125 and 2326 becomes 2451 by adding 125. The number becomes 2451 – 2000= 451. Here the subtraction 2451 – 2000 is easier than the subtraction 2326 – 1875. The answer of both is same 451.

Example (4): The subtraction of 3786 – 2998. Here 2998 becomes 3000 by adding 2 and 3786 becomes 3788 by adding 2. The problem of 3788 – 3000 is easier than 3786 – 2998 and our answer is 788. This answer is same for both the problems.

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